All Resources > Historical Surface and Groundwater

There are 54 records in this subcategory.


Steward, Michael K. (2012) A 40-year record of carbon-14 and tritium in the Christchurch groundwater system, New Zealand: Dating of young samples with carbon-14. Journal of Hydrology. Vol. 430-431. Page(s) 50-68.
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Keywords: Age Determination, artesian aquifers, carbon-14, christchurch groundwater, groundwater, groundwater age, groundwater recharge, oxygen-18, recharge, trends, tritium.
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Dann, C. (2012) Sewerage, Water and Waste - Dirt and Disease. (Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand)
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Keywords: christchurch sewerage system, Christchurch wastewater, death, disease, health risk, historical data, sewerage, sewerage system.
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Marquet, Michelle Duncan, Ronlyn. (2012) What's in the water?: A Survey of Recreational Users of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Ihutai. (prepared for Lincoln University, Environment Canterbury and the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Ihutai Trust)
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Keywords: attitudes, Avon-Heathcote Estaury, estuaries, estuary, health risk perceptions monitoring, health Risks, history, microbial pathogens, perceptions, pollution, recreation, recreational use, water quality.
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Alqassab, N A, Edwards, S, Mohssen, M, Walters, A S. (2011) The impact of El Nino and La Nina weather patterns on Canterbury water resources. 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation: Sustaining our Future: Understanding and Living with Uncertainty. Page(s) 3601-3607.
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Keywords: El Nino, El Nino southern oscillation, ENSO, evapotranspiration, La Nina, rainfall, rainfall data, Rakaia, Rakaia River, river flow, southern oscillation, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, water balance, water budget.
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(2011) Tonkin & Taylor: Christchurch Central City: Geological Interpretative Report. (Tonkin and Taylor, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: artesian groundwater, avon River, Black Maps, boreholes, buried channels, CBD, Christchurch Central Business District, earthquake, Geomorphology, geotechnical conditions, Groundwater, groundwater level monitoring, groundwater Levels, infilled channels, liquefaction, piezocone calibration, well records.
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Boyd, Felicity. (2010) A Recreational and Social History of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary. (prepared for Environment Canterbury Regional Council and the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Ihutai Trust)
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Keywords: attitudes, Avon-Heathcote Estaury, changes, changing land use, environmental issues, european settlement, historical overview, history, maori, ngai tahu, perceptions, pre-European, recreation, recreational activities, residential activities, urban development, water quality.
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Reck, R A, Thorpe, H R. (2010) Habitat Restoration: An Aspect of Sustainable Management. Climate Change and Sustainable Development. Page(s) 231-238. (Linton Atlantic Books, Ltd)
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Keywords: Avon River, birdlife, birds, ecosystem, fish, habitat, habitat restoration, Heathcote River, historical overview, history, invertebrate, jacksons Creek, nottingham Creek, papanui, riparian, riparian vegetation, smacks Creek, steamwharf, styx catchment, Styx River, sustainability, sustainable management, swamp, waterway, waterway restoration.

Soper, Ellena. (2009) Charlesworth Wetlands.
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Keywords: benthic invertebrate biodiversity, birds, Charlesworth Wetlands, contaminants, historical overview, invertebrate communities, macroinvertebrate, recommendations, samples, sediment sampling, species distribution, Wetlands.
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(2009) Mid-Heathcote River/Opawaho Linear Park Masterplan: 2009: Part Two - Background. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Consultation, cultural health assessment, dredging, ecology, fish, flood mitigation, flooding, flooding, heathcote river, Heathcote River Floodplain Management Strategy, Heathcote River Floodplain Management Strategy 1998, Heathcote River/Opawaho, Invertebrate, loess, macrophytes, Ngai Tahu, Opawaho, riparian, Runanga, runoff, sedimentation, silty, urban contaminants, water quality, weeping willows, Woolston cut.
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Logan, Robert. (2008) Waimakariri: An Illustrated History. (Phillips and King Publishers)
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Keywords: Christchurch floods, coast to coast, flooding, recreation, settlement, stopbanks, Waimakariri, Waimakariri Catchment, Waimakariri River, water race.

Chague-Goff, Catherine, Goff, James. (2007) Avon-Heathcote Estuary (Ihutai): Palaeoenvironmental changes project – Final stage report. (National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd (NIWA), prepared for Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon-Heathcote Estuary, Brooklands Lagoon, core samples, coring, dating, environmental changes, historical data, modelling, radiocarbon dating, South New Brighton, Taylors Mistake, Tsunami.
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Adam, John, Dawson, Sarah, Matthews, Jane, O'Keeffe, Mary, Petry, Bruce, Wilson, John. (2005) Contextual Historical Overview of Christchurch City. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: artesian groundwater, artesian well, before settlement, Bromley sewerage station, Christchurch City, Christchurch City Council, drainage, Drainage Board, high pressure water supply, historical overview, sewerage, stormwater, swamp, water supply, Woolston cut.
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(2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Soils and Geomorphology of Christchurch. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Black Maps, geomorphology, land use, Piezometric contours, River flood channels, sea level rise, soils, springs, surface land use, swswamps, urban development, Urban growth, Waimakariri River channels, water flow.
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(2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Water - An Important Natural Resource. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Bird species, birds, canterbury Plains, cutlure, drainage, ecology, fish, historical overview, invertebrate, Ngai Tahu, plants, recreation, rivers, surface water, The black map, urbanisation, waterways, waterways history, wetlands.
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Duncan, Maurice J, Hicks, Murray. (2001) The lower Avon River: why is the salt marsh area eroding?. (National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon River, Bridge Street Bridge, erosion, estuary, Historical trends, Juncus maratimus, patterns, salt marsh, sea rush salt marsh, stopbank, trends.

Christchurch City Council. (2000) Vision 2000-2040: The Styx – Waterways, Wetlands and Surface Water: Community Planning for the Future. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Brooklands Lagoon, changing land use, ecology, eels, future management, Guardians of the Styx, heritage, historical overview, Kaputone Stream, management, recreation, reserve, riparian management, Smacks Creek, styx catchment, Styx River, Styx River catchment, sustainable management, tangata whenua, trout, urbanisation, Waimakariri River, water quality, wetlands, whitebaiting.

Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Weeber, John H. (2000) Watering Christchurch: The Story of Well Drilling and Water Supply in Christchurch. #ISBN: 1-86937-370-7.
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Keywords: aquifer structure, artesians, Christchurch, geology, groundwater, historical overview, public water supply, surface water, Swamp, well drilling, well logs.

Gilson, M, Mitchell, K. (1999) Christchurch City Surface Water Quality Data 1995-97. Water Quality trends 1986-97. Page(s) 253. (Christchurch City Council Waste Management Unit Laboratory)
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Keywords: Avon River, Avon River Catchment, bacteria, bacteria concentrations, Halswell Junction Road Retention Basin, Halswell River, Halswell River catchment, Heathcote River, Heathcote River Catchment, heavy metal concentrations, heavy metals, oxidation ponds, rainfall data, styx River, Styx River catchment.

Little, Richard. (1997) Christchurch-West Melton Groundwater: Hydrogeology: volume 1 of 3. (Woodward-Clyde (NZ) Ltd, prepared for Canterbury Regional Council)
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Keywords: aquifer characteristics, aquifers, bromley formation, Burwood Aquifer, burwood gravel, Christchurch Formation, christchurch-West Melton aquifer system, formations, geological data, gravels, groundwater, groundwater abstraction, groundwater system, heathcote formation, hydrogeology, Linwood Aquifer, linwood gravel, resource consent, Riccarton Aquifer, riccarton gravel, shirley formation, Springston Formation aquifer, stratigraphy, Wainoni Aquifer, wainoni gravel.

Canterbury Regional Council. (1997) Groundwater: Christchurch, West Melton. #ISBN: 1-86937-318-9.
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Keywords: Christchurch aquifers, Christchurch groundwater, Christchurch West Melton, Christchurch West Melton groundwater system, confined aquifer, future management, Geology, groundwater, historical overview, hydrology, management, sustainable management, unconfined aquifer, water balance.

Barker, Rachel, Davies, Louisa, Morland, Kim. (1997) Restoring Nottingham Stream: Developed by Christchurch City Council and the Residents of Halswell. #ISBN: 0-9597973-8-6. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: catchment, community plan, cultural values, ecology, Ecology, fences, flood management, future management, future visions, geology, Groundwater system, Halswell, Halswell River, Historical overview, Maori, Nottingham Stream, recreation, stream restoration, water flow, water flow.

Holt, S, Shulmeister, J, Soons, J. M. (1997) The Holocene evolution of a well nourished gravelly barrier and lagoon complex, Kaitorete “Spit”, Canterbury, New Zealand. Marine Geology. Vol. 138. #1-2. Page(s) 69-90.
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Keywords: fluvial control, fluvial management, historical overview, kaitorete Spit, river avulsions.
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Corboy, Craig. (1995) The Avon River: a recreational resource. Vol. Diploma of Parks and. (University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: Avon River, history, recreation, recreational use.
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Wilson, John. (1989) Christchurch Swamp to City: A Short History of the Christchurch Drainage Board 1875-1989. (Te Waihora Press, for the Christchurch Drainage Board)
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Keywords: Avon River, avon-Heathcote Estaury, Black Maps, Christchurch Drainage Board, dredging, flood, flood events, flood relief, flooding, Heathcote River, historical overview, pollution, pumping stations, reticulation, settlement, sewer, sewer construction, swamps, treatment of water, Waimakariri.

Bowden, M J, Freeman, M, Mason, C, Talbot, John, Weeber, John, Wilson, D. (1986) The Christchurch Artesian Aquifers: A report prepared by the resources division of the North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board. #ISBN 0-908764-05-7.
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Keywords: aquifer recharge, christchurch Aquifers, consent, groundwater, groundwater abstraction, groundwater quality, groundwater quantity, history, management, water take.

Challenger, Neil. (1985) The Water Technology Orton Bradley Park. (published by the Department of Lands and Survey Christchurch)
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Keywords: Banks Peninsula, head, historical overview, irrigation, reticulation, water resource, water technology, water value, water wheel.

Dimbleby, B. R., McCallum, L. R., Norton, A. C.. (1984) Rakaia Reserves: Resource Assessment and Draft Management Plan. (North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board)
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Keywords: aesthetics, area, braided river, braided riverbed, climate, Ellesmere County, farming, Forestry, Future management, historical overview, location, management framework, Management objectives, Management plan, North Canterbury Catchment Board Report, North Rakaia River Board, policies, policy, Rakaia, Rakaia catchment, Rakaia River, Rakaia transport barrier, recreation, sheep runs, Soils, topography, vegetation, Wildlife.

Pryor, R J. (1984) The Avon River: a recreation reserve for Christchurch. Vol. Diploma of Landscape. Page(s) 86. (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: Aesthetic, aesthetics, Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Avon Loop, Avon River, historical overview, history, kerrs Reach, land ownership, Public Access, Recreation, visual characteristics.
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Ayrey, R. B, Bowden, M. J, Cowie, B, Duffield, D. N, Glennie, J. M, Kirk, R.M, Lineham, I. W, Mason, C.R, Miskell, D. J, Moore, K, Saville-Smith, K., Talbot, J. D, Weeber, J. H. (1983) The Rakaia River and Catchment – A Resource Survey (Volume 1). (North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board)
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Keywords: agriculture, conflicts, erosion, farming, forestry, geology, historical overview, introduced animals, Land use capability, major issues, management, precipitation, present land use, rainfall, Rakaia, Rakaia Catchment, Rakaia River, Rakaia Water Resources, relief, soils, temperature, topography, vegetation, wild animals.

Brown Copland and Co. Ltd, Poynter, R H, Reid, R E. (1982) The Waimakariri River Improvement Scheme: 1982 Review. (North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board)
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Keywords: aggradation, assessment, birds, economic evaluation, environmental effects, fish, flood damage, flood protection, historical overview, maintenance, recreation, scheme performance, stopbanks, vegetation, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, WAimakariri River Improvement Scheme.

Adams, Julia S. (1982) The Waimakariri riverbed changes in vegetation 1850 - 1982. Vol. Diploma of Landscape. Page(s) 98. (University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: flood mitigation, forestry, hydrology, land tenure, recreation, river control, riverbed, Riverbed vegetation, topography, trends, vegetation, waimakariri, waimakariri River.
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Hunt, Bruce, Young, John. (1980) A Landfill Groundwater Study in Christchurch, New Zealand. 7th Australasian Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics Conference, 18-22 August, 1980.
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Keywords: burwood, contaminant concentrations, darcy Equation, darcy's law, drinking water supplies, groundwater, groundwater quality, health risk, Landfill, leachate, leaching, pollution, unconfined aquifer, water table.

North Canterbury Catchment Board, Regional Water Board. (1980) Lake Ellesmere Symposium 20 November 1980: Unpublished verbatim transcript of proceedings.
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Keywords: Agricultural development, agricultural use, commercial fisheries, fishing, flood mitigation, flood protection, habitat, historical overview, lake Ellesmere, lake level control, lake levels, lake openings, lake sediements, recreational fishing, recreational use, sediments, shooting, water biology, water chemistry, water quality, wildlife, wildlife habitat.

Gilson, M, Matthews, D, Ricketts, O, Rid, D S, Robb, James A, Sibly, K J, Wright, C F. (1978) Environmental Assessment of the Woolston Cut and Associated Stopbanking on the Heathcote River. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
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Keywords: assessment of Environmental Effects, bacteria, Chemical concentrations, Christchurch Drainage Board, environmental effects, existing environment, fauna, flood flows, flooding, flora, Heathcote River, history, modification, residential flooding, salinity, stopbanks, water levels, woolston cut.

North Canterbury Catchment Board. (1978) The Halswell in the 1980's. (North Canterbury Catchment Board)
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Keywords: drainage, Halswell, Halswell Catchment Area, Halswell River, Halswell River hill catchment, Halswell River Improvement Scheme, Halswell River Plains, Halswell River tributaries, maps, North Canterbury Catchment board, swamps.

Kilner, A R, Knox, G. A. (1973) The Ecology of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary. (The Estuarine Research Unit, University of Canterbury, prepared for the Christchurch Drainage Board)
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Keywords: aesthetics, Algae, algae growth, algal blooms, Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, benthic microfauna, biota, dredging, effluent discharge, effluent dispersal, estuary, eutrophication, fauna, flood control, flood mitigation, flora, future management, Heathcote river, history, Nutrient, organic content, Pollution, Public Access, recreational use, salinity, sediment distribution, sediments, tidal movements, tide.

Dalmer, Erle. B. (1971) The Waimakariri River as a Water Resource: A report presented to the North Canterbury Catchment Board on 2 October, 1970. (The North Canterbury Catchment Board)
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Keywords: Abstraction, discharge quantities, discharges, fish, flow data, industrial waste, infiltration, irrigation, low flows, North Canterbury Catchment board, Pollution, Precipitation, rainfall levels, recreation, river characteristics, river classification, river use, surface water, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, water rights, water takes, wildlife.

Dalmer, Erle. B. (1970) Lake Ellesmere: A report upon the opening of Lake Ellesmere to the sea. (North Canterbury Catchment Board)
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Keywords: historical overview, lake Ellesmere Ellesmere Lands Drainage Board, lake levels, lake openings, method of lake openings, North Canterbury Catchment board, wind.

Scott, E. F. (1963) Christchurch Data: Notes and Comments on the Christchurch Drainage and Sewerage Systems. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
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Keywords: Avon River, Christchurch Drainage, Christchurch Drainage Board, climate, drainage, drainage, Flood events, flooding, Heathcote River, historical data, land drainage, rainfall data, rainfall levels, river weeds, sewerage, sewerage flows, sewerage system, Sewerage systems, spring tides, stormwater, Styx River, tides, Tsunami, Waimakariri River, Waimakariri River floods.

North Canterbury Catchment Board. (1958) Report on Waimakariri River Flood of 27/12/57. (North Canterbury Catchment Board)
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Keywords: Christchurch, damage, flood, flood damage, flood duration, flood event, flood frequency, flood levels, flood log, flood mitigation, flooding, Historical overview, hydrograph, previous floods, rainfall, rainfall, river characteristics, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, weather.

Bruce, A. (1953) Report on a Biological and Chemical Investigation of the Waters in the Estuary of the Avon and Heathcote Rivers. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
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Keywords: annotated maps, Avon, Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estaury, bacteriological survey, biological, biological data, birds, chemical data, Christchurch Drainage Board, contaminant concentrations, contaminants, estuary, gastropoda, gastropods, heathcote, Heathcote River, maps, pollution, raw data, salinity, water quality, water quality indicators.

Grigg, F.J.T. (1948) Composition of Natural Waters of Canterbury and West Coast Districts with special Reference to Christchurch Artesian Water. (Department of Scientific and Industrial Research)
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Keywords: archives, artesian aquifers, Artesian Water Supply, bacteria, bacteriological analysis, Christchurch water supply, dissolved gases, drinking water, fluorine, groundwater, groundwater characteristics, groundwater chemistry, historical data, historical overview, iodine, minerals, radio-activity, water supplies, water supply.

Harris, H. W. (1947) Report on Lake Ellesmere. (North Canterbury Catchment Board Report)
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Keywords: chronology, dollar cost, drainage, economic cost, future management, historical overview, Lake Ellesmere, Lake Forsyth, lake history, lake openings, mechanical openings, North Canterbury Catchment Board, salinity, Te Waihora.

Hilgendorf, F W. (1926) Artesian wells of the Christchurch area. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Vol. 56. Page(s) 369-382.
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Keywords: artesian well, artesian wells, christchurch groundwater, groundwater, rainfall levels.
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Chilton, Chas. (1924) The Christchurch Artesians and the City Water Supply. (Lyttelton Times Company, Limited)
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Keywords: artesians, Christchurch artesian, drinking water, fire prevention, fish, flow characteristics, formation of the groundwater resource, groundwater resource, high pressured water supply, radio-activity, reservoirs, water supply, well records, well sinking.

Hilgendorf, F W. (1916) Fluctuations in the Water-Level of some Artesian Wells in the Christchurch Area. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Vol. 49. Page(s) 491-493.
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Keywords: Christchurch groundwater, groundwater, groundwater wells, history, water supply, well logging.
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Hilgendorf, F W. (1911) Fluctuations in the level of the water in some artesian wells in the Christchurch area. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Vol. 44. Page(s) 142-159.
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Keywords: groundwater, water levels, water quantity.
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Farr, C. C, Florance, D C. (1910) The Radio-Activity of the Artesian-Water System of Christchurch; and the Influence of Ripples on the Gas Content of the Artesian Waters of Christchurch.
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Keywords: Artesian-water, Christchurch, Christchurch groundwater, gas content, groundwater supply, historical data, Historical overview, radio-activity, water samples, wells.

Messrs. E Dobson & Son. (1880) A Review of the Gravitation and Artesian Schemes of Water Supply, adopted by the City Council for submission to the ratepayers of Christchurch. Lyttleton Times, April 3.
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Keywords: Artesian aquifers, artesian Water Supply, christchurch water, christchurch water supply, cylinders, economic cost, fire fighting, gravitational supply, historical data, historical overview, pipes, pumping, reticulation, water quality, water supplies, water supply, water supply system.

Dobson, A. D. (1880) Christchurch Water Supply.
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Keywords: Artesian Water Supply, Christchurch Water Supply, council meetings, historical overview, historical resource, hydraulic power, pumping stations, Timaru Water Works.

Blackwell, L. B. (1879) Christchurch Water Supply: A report on the feasibility of supplying Christchurch with water from the River Waimakariri through the media of cylinders as proposed by Mr. W. White. (City Council)
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Keywords: benefits, Christchurch water supply, cylinders, feasibility, historical data, historical overview, transportation, Waimakariri River, water demand, water supply, water use.

Christchurch City Council. (1879) Reports of the Christchurch Water Supply, submitted on the 8th December 1879. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Christchurch City Council meeting, Christchurch water supply, Christchurch water use, distribution, drinking water, historical resource, Pipe requirements, project cost, water distribution network, Water supply network.

Christchurch Area Showing Waterways Swamps & Vegetation cover in 1856, compiled from 'Black Maps' approved by J Thomas & Thomas Cass Chief Surveyors 1856. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Black Maps, Christchurch, marsh, marshland, swamp, vegetation.
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Christchurch City Council, Christchurch City Council. Fact Sheet: The Avon-Heathcote Estuary (Ihutai).
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Keywords: Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Bird species, fauna, flora, history, Jubilee Walkway, management issues, natural history, recreation, Southshore Spit, wetland.
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