Christchurch > All Christchurch Surface and Groundwater Resources

There are 240 records in this subcategory.


Christchurch City Council. (n.d.) Bexley Wetland. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: birds, brackish, Contaminant source, fish, freshwater, grey duck, herons, Invertebrate, lagoon green corridor, NZ kingfisher, paradise shelduck, plant pests, plants, Pukeko, saltwater, shovelers, sickle grass, swallow.
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Christchurch City Council, Christchurch Coastal Pathway, Rob Greenaway & Associates, Wraight Associates. (n.d.) Christchurch Coastal Pathway (CCP). (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Christchurch, Christchurch Coastal Pathway, ecosystems, hydrological maps, hydrology, Mt Pleasant Redcliffs, recreation, Sumner, waterways history, wildlife.
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Harding, J S, McIntosh, A R, O'Brien, J M. (n.d.) Riparian Plantings Protect the Health of Urban Streams. (Freshwater Ecology Research Group, The University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: ecosystem health, invertebrate, invertebrate communities, riparian, riparian buffer, riparian planting, riparian restoration, stream health, urban stream, water quality, waterway health, waterway restoration.

Steward, Michael K. (2012) A 40-year record of carbon-14 and tritium in the Christchurch groundwater system, New Zealand: Dating of young samples with carbon-14. Journal of Hydrology. Vol. 430-431. Page(s) 50-68.
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Keywords: Age Determination, artesian aquifers, carbon-14, christchurch groundwater, groundwater, groundwater age, groundwater recharge, oxygen-18, recharge, trends, tritium.
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Ministry of Health. (2012) Annual Report on Drinking-water Quality 2010-2011. (Ministry of Health)
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Keywords: 2010-2011 earthquakes, Canterbury earthquakes, drinking water, drinking water standards, drinking water supplies, E Coli, earthquakes, infrastructure damage, ministry of health, New Zealand Drinking water standards, water quality, water supplies.
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Torgeson, Lynn. (2012) Assessment of Environmental Effects for the Burwood Resource Recovery Park. (Pattle Delamore Partners Ltd, prepared for Burwood Resource Recovery Park)
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Keywords: AEE, Assessment of Environmental Effects, Burwood Resource Recovery Park, drainage to groundwater, groundwater abstraction, groundwater quality, leachate, surface water, water table.
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URS New Zealand. (2012) Burwood Access Monitoring Database: Burwood Landfill. (prepared for Christchurch City Council. Job: 42171307)
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Keywords: Alkalinity, annual, burwood, burwood Landfill, changes, chemical oxygen demand, chloride, christchurch metropolitan landfill, database, electrical conductivity, groundwater, groundwater monitoring, groundwater quality, heavy metal concentration, landfill, landfill leachate, landfill leaching, Leachate, leachate plume, leaching, monitoring, nitrate, total alkalinity, trends, water quality indicators.

(2012) Canterbury regional urban stream sediment and biofilm quality survey. #ISBN 978- 1-927195-4. (Golder Associates, prepared for Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Arsenic, Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, Biofilm Quality, Cadmium, Chromium, Contaminants, Copper, Halswell River, Heathcote river, Instream Ecological Values, Interim Sediment Quality Guidelines, ISQG, Lead, Mecury, Metals and Metalloids, Nickel, organic carbon, PAHs, Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons, Sediment, Styx River, Trace Elements, urban land use, Urban Stream, Zinc, Zinc.
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Groundwater Team Environment Canterbury. (2012) Christchurch Groundwater Quality Monitoring 2011. #ISBN: 978-1-927210-2. (Groundwater Team, Environment Canterbury Regional Council, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: annual surveys, cations, christchurch, christchurch groundwater, conductivity, dissolved Oxygen, drinking water quality, e coli, Earthquake, groundwater, groundwater quality, groundwater system, indicator, new Zealand Drinking Water Standards, ph, surveying, water quality, water quality indicators, well damage.
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Grove, Philip, Parker, Mark, Pompei, Mirella. (2012) Coastal wetland vegetation in Canterbury, 2004–2011. #978-1-927210-06-2. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Brooklands Lagoon, coastal wetlands, Coopers Lagoon Tentburn, estuarine, fen, field survey, GIS, lacustrine, Lake Ellesmere, Lake Forsyth, Lyttelton Harbour, maps, marsh, monitoring, palustrine, Rakaia River, riverine, saltmarsh, shallow water, Styx River, swamp, Te Waihora, vegetated coastal wetland, vegetated coastal wetland habitats, vegetation classification, wetland hydrosystems, wetland management, wetlands.
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Cochrane, T., o'Sullivan, A.D., Wicke, D.. (2012) Heavy metal contamination in an urban stream fed by contaminated air-conditioning and stormwater discharges. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. Vol. 19. Page(s) 903-911.
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Keywords: air conditioning, air conditioning discharge, avon, discharge, metal concentration, metal contamination, okeover Stream, stormwater, stormwater flow, water quality.
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Smith, F M. (2012) Investigating Cyanotoxin Production by Benthic Freshwater Cyanobacteria in New Zealand. Chemistry. Vol. Doctor of Philosophy. Page(s) 232. (University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: algal bloom, benthic algae, benthic cyanobacteria, benthic cyanobacteria, benthic taxa, cyanobacteria, health risk, Lake Ellesmere, Lake Forsyth, nodularia, phormidium autumnale, sampling, scytonema, Selwyn River, surface water quality, taxonomy, The Groynes, Waimakariri River, water quality.

Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited (ESR). (2012) Microbial Quality of the Avon River: The Effect of Major Earthquakes and Subsequent Discharges on the Quality of the Water and Sediments in the Avon River. (prepared for the Ministry of Health, Ministry for the Environment, Community and Public Health, Environment Canterbury and Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon River, Campylobacter, Canterbury earthquakes, Christchurch earthquakes, contamination events, cryptosporidium, E. Coli, earthquakes, faecal indicator, faecal source tracking, faecal source tracking, giardia, health risk, indicator, indicator bacteria, Pathogens, recreational water, samples, water quality, water sampling.
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Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority. (2012) Recovery Strategy for Greater Christchurch. #ISBN 978-0-477-10361. (Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority)
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Keywords: Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority, CERA, ecosystem health, waste, waterways, wetlands.
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Scott, Martha, Wilson, Nicola. (2012) Seawater intrusion network review. #ISBN 978-1-927210-26. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Abstraction Levels, Calcium, Chloride, Climate Change, Conductivity, CWMS Canterbury Water Management Strategy, Earthquake Damage, groundwater, groundwater abstraction, Groundwater Levels, Magnesium, monitoring, Natural Resources Regional Plan, NRRP, Potassium, recommendations, RMA Resource Management Act, RPS Regional Policy Statement, Sea-water interface, Seawater Intrusion Network, Sodium, Sulphate, trigger levels, water levels, water quality, wells, Woolston-Heathcote.
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Dann, C. (2012) Sewerage, Water and Waste - Dirt and Disease. (Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand)
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Keywords: christchurch sewerage system, Christchurch wastewater, death, disease, health risk, historical data, sewerage, sewerage system.
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Suren, Alistair. (2012) The invertebrate communities of the Styx River: summary of monitoring programme 2006-2011, and recommendations for future work. (prepared for, The Styx Living Laboratory)
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Keywords: correct data, habitat, invertebrate, monitoring, Quality assurance, quality control, styx catchment, Styx River, volunteer monitoring.
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Christchurch City Council. (2012) Updated residential floor levels for areas throughout Christchurch. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: earthquake, flood management areas, flood risk, flooding potential, floor level assessments, floor levels, Residential activities.
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Ancion, P-Y, Harding, J S, Lear, G, Lewis, G. D. (2012) Use of bacterial communities to assess the ecological health of a recently restored stream. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 46. #3. Page(s) 291-301.
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Keywords: bacterial community, benthic invertebrate biodiversity, ecological health indicators, indicators, macroinvertebrate, macroinvertebrate community, modified waterawy, okeover Stream, stream health, stream restoration, university of Canterbury, water quality indicators.

Beville, Stephen. T, Hughey, K. F. D, Kerr, G. N. (2012) Valuing impacts of the invasive alga Didymosphenia geminata on recreational angling. Ecological Economics. Vol. 82. Page(s) 1-10.
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Keywords: algae, angling, choice experiment, didymo, didymosphenia germinate, dollar value, fish, fishing, freshwater algae, recreational angling, recreational fishing.
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(2012) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Stormwater Treatment Systems. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: ANZECC, ANZECC trigger levels, chemicals, Christchurch, Christchurch City Council, Constructed wetlands, Contaminant source, discharge concentrations, environmental values, Erosion, first flush interception, Macropollutant traps, particulate matter, Point-source, point-source contaminants, rainfall events, sediment retention, sediment retention ponds, soakage system models, stormwater, stormwater treatment, swales, urban contaminants, wet weather events.
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Marquet, Michelle Duncan, Ronlyn. (2012) What's in the water?: A Survey of Recreational Users of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Ihutai. (prepared for Lincoln University, Environment Canterbury and the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Ihutai Trust)
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Keywords: attitudes, Avon-Heathcote Estaury, estuaries, estuary, health risk perceptions monitoring, health Risks, history, microbial pathogens, perceptions, pollution, recreation, recreational use, water quality.
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Davies, Tim McSaveney, Mauri. (2011) Bedload sediment flux and flood risk management in New Zealand. Journal of Hydrology (New Zealand). Vol. 50. #1. Page(s) 181-190.
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Keywords: Christchurch, Christchurch flood hazard, dam creation, earthquake, flood assessment, flood events, flood risk, flooding, Natural hazards, porters pass fault, sediment flux, sediment quantity, stopbanks, Waimakariri.
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Goodwin, Miria. (2011) Canterbury Water - The Regional Context: Supporting the Canterbury Water Management Strategy. (Environment Canterbury Regional Council)
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Keywords: Amenity values, biodiversity, Braided River, canterbury water, canterbury Water Management Strategy, drinking water, economic indicators, ecosystem, ecosystem health, energy efficiency, energy security energy, environment Canterbury, environmental limits, irrigated land area, irrigation, kaitiakitanga, recreation, recreational activities, reliability of supply, river characteristics, strategy, water use efficiency, waterway health.
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Christchurch City Council. (2011) Central City Plan: Draft Central City Recovery Plan - For Ministerial Approval December 2011. Vol. 1. #ISBN 978-0-9876571-4. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon River, groundwater, stormwater, stormwater management, surface water, wastewater, water quality.
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Christchurch City Council. (2011) Christchurch City Council: Annual Report 2011. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: chlorination plants, Christchurch City Council, earthquake, Reliabilty of supply, wastewater, wastewater treatment, water conservation Order, water supply, water treatment plants.
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James, Alex, McMurtie, Shelley. (2011) Christchurch February Earthquake: Effect on Freshwater Fish of the Upper Avon River. #ISBN: 978-1-927195-8. (EOS Ecology: Aquatic Research Consultants, prepared for Environment Canterbury and Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon River, Bank collapse, bank slumping, bluegill bully, brown trout, changes, Christchurch earthquakes, common bullies, common bully, Earthquake, fish, fish community, freshwater fish, giant bully, liquefaction, longfin eel, raw sewerage, sampling, sand/silt, shortfin eels, streambed uplift, suspended sediment, suspended silt, trends, Upland bullies, upland bully, upper avon river, wastewater, yellow eyed mullet.
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(2011) City Plan Monitoring: Natural Environment: Annual Groundwater Abstraction, Christchurch. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Abstraction, Annual Groundwater Abstraction, Christchurch, Christchurch City Council, Christchurch Metropolitan Aquifer System, Christchurch-West Melton aquifer system, City Plan Monitoring, Groundwater Abstraction, Groundwater Consumption, Indicator reporting sheet.
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Broady, Paul, Gaw, Sally, Kelly, David, Smith, Francine, Wilks, Taryn. (2011) Distribution of Scytonema (cyanobacteria) and associated saxitoxins in recreational lakes in Canterbury. #ISBN: 978-1-927161-5. (Environment Canterbury Regional Council)
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Keywords: cyanobacteria, groynes, health, health risk, lakes, recreational lake, sampling, Scytonema, toxin, toxin analysis, water quality.

(2011) Earthquake Impacts on Groundwater - Update # 1. (Environment Canterbury Groundwater Resources Section, Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Christchurch, earthquake, fload and counterweight, groundwater, groundwater Levels, monitoring, pressure transducer, recorder wells.
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(2011) Earthquake Impacts on Groundwater - Update # 2. (Environment Canterbury Groundwater Resources Section, Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: alkalinity, ammonia nitrogen, anions, baseline, Calcium, cations, Chloride, Conductivity, dissolved Oxygen, Dissolved reactive phosphorus, earthquake, earthquake damage, groundwater, groundwater flow patterns, groundwater quality, infrastructure, Ions, iron, magnesium, manganese, nitrate Nitrogen, pH, Potassium, sodium, sulphate, temperature.
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Blair, Winsome, Taylor, Mark. (2011) Effects of seismic activity on Inaka spawning grounds on City rivers. #ISBN 978-1-927195-89. (Aquatic Ecology Ltd, prepared for Environment Canterbury and Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon, Avon River, Christchurch earthquakes, earthquake, galaxias, Galaxias maculatus, Heathcote, heathcote river, inaka, inanga, liquefaction, september earthquake, spawning habitats, Styx River, suspended silt, whitebait.
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Broady, P. A, Gaw, Sally, Smith, F. M. J, van Ginkel, R, Wood, S. A. (2011) First report of saxitoxin production by a species of the freshwater benthic cyanobacterium, Scytonema Agardh. Toxicon. Vol. 57. #4. Page(s) 566–573.
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Keywords: freshwater cyanobacteria, groynes, lakes, neurotoxins, recreational reserve, saxitoxins, the Groynes.

Fifield, R. L. (2011) Integrated stormwater management in the Avon River. Vol. Master of Landscape . (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: Avon river, benefits, ecosystems, Integrated management, retrofitting, stormwater, stormwater management, stormwater system, swales, wetlands.

Blackstock, Joshua Michael. (2011) Isotope study of moisture sources, recharge areas, and groundwater flow paths within the Christchurch Groundwater System. Geological Sciences. Vol. Master of Science. Page(s) 106. (University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: Avon River springs, Canterbury plains aquifers, christchurch groundwater, Christchurch groundwater system, discharge, geochemistry, groundwater, groundwater flow, groundwater quantity, groundwater recharge, groundwater system, hydrogeology, infiltration, isotopes, potentiometric surface, precipitation, rainfall events, rainfall infiltration, recharge area, springs, stable isotope analyses, stable isotope hydrology, surface – groundwater interface, surface – groundwater relationship, water availability, water isotopologues, water use.
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(2011) Proposed Highfield Subdivision Development, Christchurch: Ecology Assessment.
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Keywords: bed sediments, Catchments, channel form, Conductivity, constructed wetlands, fish, flow, grain size, habitat health, Horners Drain, macroinvertebrate, pH, riparian vegetation, roadside drainage, runoff, sensitivity, styx River, swales, temperature, urban development, water quality.
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Martin, Adam, Poulsen, David. (2011) State of the Water Resource Report 2011: This report is a summary of the water resource for the Canterbury region for the period May to September 2011. #ISBN: 978-1-927146-5. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Canterbury Water Management Strategy, Climate, CWMS, groundwater flow, Rainfall, River flows, soil Moisture, trends, water quality, zone.
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Watts, Robert H. (2011) The Christchurch Waterways Story. Landcare Research Science Series No. 38. (Landcare Research New Zealand)
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Keywords: Christchurch, enhancement, historical overview, restoration, restoration, settlement, swamps, Urban development, urbanisation, waterways.
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(2011) Tonkin & Taylor: Christchurch Central City: Geological Interpretative Report. (Tonkin and Taylor, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: artesian groundwater, avon River, Black Maps, boreholes, buried channels, CBD, Christchurch Central Business District, earthquake, Geomorphology, geotechnical conditions, Groundwater, groundwater level monitoring, groundwater Levels, infilled channels, liquefaction, piezocone calibration, well records.
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Stewart, Simon. (2011) Using Stable Isotopes to trace the sources and fates of nitrate within mixed land-use catchments on the Banks Peninsula New Zealand. Environmental Science. Vol. Master of Science in. Page(s) 191. (University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: agriculture, Banks Peninsula, Banks Peninsula catchment, broom, catchment, gorse, land use change, land use change, land use intensification, native regeneration, nitrogen, nitrogen cycling, nitrogen runoff, runoff, stable isotope, stable isotope analysis, streams.

Good, Joseph F. (2011) Water Quality Treatment and Hydraulic Efficacy of Laboratory and Field Rain Gardens. Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering. Vol. Master of Engineerin. Page(s) 160. (University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: christchurch, contamination, mitigation, rain gardens, stormwater runoff, urbanisation.
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(2011) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Appendix 10: Christchurch Rainfall Intensities. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: annual rainfall, Christchurch, rainfall duration, Rainfall Intensities, rainfall volumes.
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(2011) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Rainfall and Runoff. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Analysis, Annual Exceedance Probability, Banks Peninsula, catchments, concentration time, design storm duration, discharge, flood, hydraulic analysis, hyetographs, overland flow, Rainfall, rainfall intensities, Rational Method, runoff.
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Curran, J, Fan, V Neale, M. W, Lewis, G. D Washington, V Lear, G, Roberts, K. (2010) A Bacterial Community Index (BCI) for New Zealand Streams - Year 1. #ISBN: 978-1-927135-2. (Auckland Regional Council)
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Keywords: avon River, bacteria, bacterial community, bacterial community index, bacterial indicators, BCI, Biofilm Quality, ecosystem health, heathcote river, regional differences, selwyn River, styx River, water quality, water quality indicators, waterway health.
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Hayward, Shirley, Stevenson, Michele, Wilks,Taryn. (2010) An overview of the state and trends in water quality of Canterbury’s rivers and streams. Environment Canterbury Technical Report. (Environment Canterbury Regional Council)
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Keywords: Ammonia, best management farming practices Phosphorus Nitrogen River Types, Canterbury’s Natural Resources Regional Plan, Conductivity, degraded state of small streams, Dissolved inorganic nitrogen, Dissolved Organic Carbon, Dissolved Oxygen, Escherichia coli E coli, excessive sediment inputs, existing guidelines and recommended water quality objectives, faecal contamination, geographical patterns, nitrate toxicity, nutrient enrichment, Nutrients, pH, significant temporal trends, siltation of river beds, Suspended Soils Turbidity, Sustainable management, Temperature, Upland Lower, water quality.
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Chambers, Rodney, Crossland, Andrew, Hay, Mary, Holder, Kay, Leiataua, Steve, Lobb, Andrea, Partridge, Trevor, Roozen, Derek, Shadbolt, Antony. (2010) Brooklands Lagoon/Te Riu o Te Aika Kawa Area: Parks Master Plan. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: aquatic fauna, Birdlife, birdlife habitat, Brooklands Lagoon, fauna, Flood management area, Ngai Tahu, Ngai Tahu values, recreation, saltmarsh, saltmarsh vegetation, Spencer Park, Styx River, Tangata whenua.
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(2010) Christchurch City Council Infrastructure Design Standard: Part 7 - Water Supply. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Christchurch, flow, mains, pressure, pumping capacity, pumps, resource constraints, storage reservoirs, submains, water supply, water supply network, water supply system.
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Cochrane, Tom, O'Sullivan, Aisling, Wicke, Daniel. (2010) Contaminant Sources, transport and fate in stormwater runoff in Christchurch, New Zealand. 17th Congress of the Asia and Pacific Division of the International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research incorporating the 7th International Urban and Watershed Management Conference. (University of Canterbury. Civil and Natural Resources Engineering)
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Keywords: Christchurch, contaminant loading, ecological degradation, model, modelling, stormwater, stormwater management, stormwater modelling, stormwater quality, stormwater runoff, urban runoff, urban waterways, urbanisation.
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Reck, R A, Thorpe, H R. (2010) Habitat Restoration: An Aspect of Sustainable Management. Climate Change and Sustainable Development. Page(s) 231-238. (Linton Atlantic Books, Ltd)
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Keywords: Avon River, birdlife, birds, ecosystem, fish, habitat, habitat restoration, Heathcote River, historical overview, history, invertebrate, jacksons Creek, nottingham Creek, papanui, riparian, riparian vegetation, smacks Creek, steamwharf, styx catchment, Styx River, sustainability, sustainable management, swamp, waterway, waterway restoration.

McMurtie, Shelley. (2010) Healthy Estuary and Rivers of the City: Water quality and ecosystem health monitoring programme of Ihutai: Heavy metals in fish and shellfish from Christchurch rivers and Estuary: 2010 Survey: Summary report on data collected in 2009. #ISBN 978-1-927146-09. (EOS Ecology, prepared for Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Arsenic, Cadmium, Concentration, Contaminant source, fish, heavy metals, lead, mecury, shellfish.
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Arbouw, Paula, Bond, Jenny. (2010) Improving Urban Waterway Health: Local Public Perceptions of Stormwater and the Okeover Stream, Christchurch. #ISBN: 978-1-877574-1. (Environment Canterbury Regional Council)
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Keywords: Canterbury University, Okeover Stream, perspectives, public awareness, public perspectives, river system, Social Research, stormwater, stormwater polluting activities, stormwater system, Stream health.

Chrystall, Leila. (2010) Improving urban waterway health: Okeover Stream Focus Group report. #ISBN 978-1-877574-50. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Focus group, Improving Urban Waterway Health, surveys, urban stream health.
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(2010) State of the Environment Monitoring: Surface Water Quality. State of the Environment Monitoring. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Akaroa Harbour, beach, Christchurch City Council, E. coli, Enterococci concentrations, estuary, freshwater, Indicator reporting sheet, Kerrs Reach, Lyttelton Harbour, marine water, Microbiological Water Quality Guidelines for Marine and Freshwater Recreational Areas, Ocean Outfall Project, recreation, recreational use, rivers, State of the Environment, State of the Environment monitoring, surface water quality.
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(2010) State of the Environment Monitoring: Enterococci Levels at Northern Christchurch Swimming Beaches, 2009/2010. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: bacteria, Enterococci concentrations, faecal concentrations, Indicator reporting sheet, marine, Marine recreational beach water quality, recreation, State of the Environment, State of the Environment monitoring, swimming beaches, water quality.
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Christchurch City Council. (2010) State of the Environment Monitoring: Yearly Rainfall Levels in Christchurch, 1980 to 2009. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: annual, Christchurch airport, climate averages, Indicator reporting sheet, natural hazards, rainfall, rainfall levels, rainfall recharge, state of the Environment monitoring, trends, yearly rainfall.
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(2010) Stormwater Management Protocol. #ISBN: 978-1-927146-0. (Christchurch City Council and Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Christchurch City Council, Environment Canterbury, Integrated Catchment Management Plans, integrated planning, land use, Long term plans, planning, principles, Stormwater, stormwater management, Stormwater management protocol, surface water, water quality.
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Crawford, Sheena Fountain, Joanna. (2010) Tourism and recreation around the Avon-Heathcote Estuary/Ihutai: Current usage, awareness and perceptions of tourism and recreational opportunities. (prepared for Lincoln University, Environment Canterbury, the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Ihutai Trust and the Tertiary Education Commission)
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Keywords: Attitudes, avon-Heathcote Estaury, behaviour, common activities, estuaries, estuary, estuary visits, ocean Outfall, ocean outfall pipe, perceptions, recreation, recreational activities, significant sites, surveys, tourism, tourism use, walking, water user profile.
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Creagh, Karen Kviberg. (2010) Value and price: a transdisciplinary approach to ecologically sustainable urban water management. School of Environment, Faculty of Science. Vol. Doctor of Philosophy. Page(s) 259. (The University of Auckland)
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Keywords: attitudes, Christchurch City, future management, perceptions, preferences, sustainable management, transdisciplinary appraoch, water management, Water metering, water price, willingness to pay.
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Horn, Chrys. (2010) Waitaha Wai: Waterways of Christchurch. #ISBN: 978-1-877574-0. (Environment Canterbury Regional Council and Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, brooklands estuary, Brooklands Lagoon, Cashmere Stream, christchurch water supply, drainage, groundwater, halswell river, Ihutai, maori water values, monitoring, Ngai Tahu, Pollution, stream monitoring, styx catchment, surface water, Travis Swamp, Travis Wetland, values, water quality, water supplies, water values.
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Pugh, Andrew. (2010) “SQMCI assessment of eight volunteer-monitored sites in the Styx River Catchment, Christchurch”. (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: aquatic macroinvertebrates, biotic index, community gathered data Styx Mill conservation reserve restoration, kaputone, riparian restoration, SQMCI, Styx Mill Basin, Styx River.
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Braidwood, Jasmine. (2009/10) Assessment of algal diversity in the Styx River catchment. (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: algae, algae distribution, Algal blooms, algal growth, distribution, diversity, kaputone stream, Smacks Creek, Styx catchment, Styx River.

Lim, Elena. (2009) A Risk Assessment of Northwest Christchurch Water Supply: Systematic Review of Lead Contaminants. Vol. Masters of Health Sc. Page(s) 102. (Canterbury University)
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Keywords: contaminant leaching, contamination, drinking water, health, health effects, leaching, Lead, lead leaching, lead poisoning, lead use, Northwest Christchurch water system, Pb, pipe corrosion, toxic contaminants, water reticulation, water reticulation systems.
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White, Paul A. (2009) Avon River springs catchment, Christchurch City, New Zealand. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences. Vol. 56. Page(s) 61-70.
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Keywords: Christchurch groundwater, Christchurch groundwater system, drinking water, groundwater, groundwater recharge, Recharge, water quality.
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Soper, Ellena. (2009) Charlesworth Wetlands.
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Keywords: benthic invertebrate biodiversity, birds, Charlesworth Wetlands, contaminants, historical overview, invertebrate communities, macroinvertebrate, recommendations, samples, sediment sampling, species distribution, Wetlands.
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(2009) Christchurch City Council: Draft Surface Water Strategy 2009: Summary Document. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Christchurch City Council, climate change, ecosystem health, flooding, goals, Ngai Tahu, Ngai Tahu values, objectives, recreation activities, stormwater management, stormwater runoff, Strategy, Surface Water, surface water management, urban growth, urban intensification, water quality, water quality.
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(2009) Christchurch Long Term Council Community Plan 2009-2019: Community Outcomes. Page(s) 52-57. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Community Outcomes, ecological heritage sites, groundwater abstraction, groundwater use, long term council community plan, recreation, recreational water quality, water quality.
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Abraham, Phil, Hanson, Carl. (2009) Depth and spatial variation in groundwater chemistry - Central Canterbury Plains. #ISBN 978-1-86937-969.
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Keywords: apline river recharge, aquifer stratigraphy, central plains groundwater, chemistry sampling, groundwater, groundwater flow, hydrogeological history, land Surface Recharge, Oxygen-18, Rakaia River, recharge sources, soil drainage.
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Cochrane, T., Funnell, E., Hutchinson, J., O'Sullivan, A.D., Wicke, D.. (2009) Developing a rainfall contaminant relationship model for Christchurch urban catchments. 2009 Stormwater Conference, 29 Apr-1 May 2009.
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Keywords: Avon River, Clyde Road carpark, Contaminant concentrations, Copper, lead, modelling, rainfall contaminant relationship, stormwater, stormwater conditions, stormwater contaminants, zinc.
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Cochrane, Tom, O'Sullivan, Aisling, Wicke, Daniel. (2009) Environmental CSI of the Okeover Stream in Christchurch. (Hydrological and Ecological Group, Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, Canterbury University)
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Keywords: Contaminant concentrations, copper, metal concentration, okeover Stream, university of Canterbury, water flow, water quality.
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Gilpin, Brent, Moriarty, Elaine. (2009) Faecal source tracking in the Avon River, Christchurch March - May 2009. #ISBN 978-1- 877542-0. (Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd, prepared for Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, disease, E coli, Escherichia coli, faecal coliform concentrations, faeces, Fluorescent Whitening Agents, health Risks, public health problem, Recreation, Recreational water standards, samples, sewerage disposal, source tracking, storm rain, water quality.
[More Information]
Flanagan, Marty, Gadd, Jennifer, Moores, Jonathan, Wech, Janine. (2009) Haytons Stream catchment water quality investigation. #ISBN 978-1-877542-57. (NIWA, prepared for Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: ammonia nitrogen, bacteria, Biochemical oxygen demand, Christchurch, conductivity, contaminant source, contaminants, copper, dissolved Oxygen, dissolved reactive phosphorus, DRP, field observations, fluoride, Haytons Stream, Heathcote River, indicator bacteria, land surface Activities, land use, lead, metals, mixed land use, nitrogen, nutrients, PAHs, pH, physicochemical parameters, rainfall, sediment, sediment quality, Stream water quality, TSS, turbidity, water quality, water quality parameters, water temperature, zinc.
[More Information]
O'Connor, Kevin. (2009) How and Why Christchurch City Council and the Community should Clean Up McCormacks Bay. (McCormacks Bay Steering Group)
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Keywords: Avon - Heathcote Estuary, bathymetric, benthic, Benthos, biota, birds, causeway, culvert, ecology, ecosystem health, estuarine ecosystem, estuary, flow rates, goals, history, hydraulic analysis, Kayaking, McCormacks Bay, reclamation, recreation, sea lettuce, tidal exchange, tidal water surface extents, water quality, water quality, wetlands.
[More Information]
Griffiths, George, McKerchar, Alistair, Pearson, Charles. (2009) Review of the frequency of high intensity rainfalls in Christchurch. #ISBN 978-1- 877542-4. (NIWA, prepared for Environment Canterbury and Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Christchurch, Christchurch storm rainfalls, climate, climate variability, high intensity rainfall, Rainfall, rainfall depth-duration, rainfall depth-return period, rainfall volumes, storm rain, storms.
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(2009) South-West Christchurch Area Plan. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: ecological effects, goals, South-West Christchurch Area Plan, urban development, urban growth, Urbanisation, visions, water, wetland.
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Aitchison-Earl, Philippa, Martin, Adam. (2009) State of the Canterbury region water resource, October 2009. #ISBN 978-1- 877542-2. (Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: annual, aquifers, Climate, climate projections, el Nino, groundwater, groundwater levels, groundwater recharge, rainfall, rainfall levels, recharge, river flows, river flows, soil Moisture, soil moisture deficit, soil moisture levels, state of water resources, temperature, trends.
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Christchurch City Council. (2009) State of the Environment Monitoring: Average Daily Flow per Capita from Christchurch Wastewater Treatment Plant. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: average daily flow, Indicator reporting sheet, liquid waste, state of the Environment monitoring, wastewater, wastewater treatment plant, wastewater volumes.
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(2009) State of the Environment Monitoring: Water: Satisfaction with the Pressure of the Water in Christchurch. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Christchurch City Council, Christchurch city Council Residents Survey, domestic water use, drinking water quality, Indicator reporting sheet, state of the Environment, state of the Environment monitoring, water pipe flow, water pressure, water supply.
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Golder Associates. (2009) Styx Integrated Catchment Management Plan: Styx River Sediment Study. (Golder Associates, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: geology, Instream Ecological Values, metal concentration, metal contamination, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, sediment, sediment quality particle size analysis, soil characteristics, soil study, Soil survey, Styx River, Trace Elements.
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Worner, Graeme. (2009) The Salt Marsh Plants of Brooklands Lagoon: An Identification Guide. (The Styx-Purakaunui: Living Laboratory Trust)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: brooklands estuary, Brooklands Lagoon, brooklands reserve, estuary plant index, salt marsh wetlands, vegetation survey.
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Christchurch City Council. (2009) Water Supply Strategy 2009-2039. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: availability, clean water, demand, drinking water, drinking water standards, efficient water use, future proof, goals, objectives, policy, rainwater harvesting, safe water, strategy, subsidies, Sustainability, Sustainable management, sustainable water use, targets, water charge, water quality, water supply network.
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(2008) A Biodiversity Strategy for the Canterbury Region. #ISBN: 978-1-86937-77. (Biodiversity Strategy Advisory Group)
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Keywords: biodiversity, bird species, ecosystem health, ecosystems, fish, galaxias, indigenous biodiversity, indigenous fish, invertebrate, kokopu, mudfish, Ngai Tahu, riparian areas, streams, water, waterway modification, wetlands.
[More Information]
Van den Ende, W Partridge, T. (2008) Aquatic Plants in Christchurch River Systems. (The Styx - Living Laboratory Trust)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquatic ecosystems, aquatic plant species, Avon River, biodiversity, Heathcote river, management trends, plant communities, plant survey, sampling, styx River.
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Murray, Daniel, Tipler, Cliff. (2008) Assessment of Effects on the Environment: Discharge of Overflows from the Christchurch Wastewater Network to the Avon and Heathcote Catchments. (URS New Zealand Limited, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: ANZECC, Assessment of Environmental Effects, Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Avon River, Avon River Catchment, Christchurch wastewater, consultation, cultural values, dilution, discharge permit, discharge to waterways, ecological values, faecal coliform concentrations, flow, flow characteristics, heathcote river, Heathcote River Catchment, heavy metals, kaitiakitanga, mahinga kai, overflow, recreational values, resource consent, stakeholders, taxa, transitional Regional Plan, wastewater, wastewater network, water quality, wet weather events.
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Hardy, Rochelle, Heremaia, Christine, Keller, Jeanine, Partridge, Trevor. (2008) Belfast Area Plan: Phase 1 Report - An Assessment of Natural Values. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon-Heathcote Estuary, Belfast, hydrology, Kaputone Stream, land use, riparian, riparian buffer strips, Smack's creek, Styx Mill Conservation reserve, styx River, surface land use, Urban growth, urbanisation, waterways, wetlands, Wilson's Swamp.
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Bright, John, Dark, Andrew, Sigle, Shane. (2008) Canterbury Strategic Water Study (Stage 2). (Aqualinc Research Ltd, prepared for the Canterbury Mayoral Forum)
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Keywords: abstractions, Canterbury Mayoral Forum, Canterbury Strategic Water Study, Canterbury Water Management Strategy, current wate ruse, CWMS, hydrological feasibility, hydrology, irrigation, storage, water storage.
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Christchurch City Council. (2008) Christchurch City Council Water Related Services Bylaw 2008. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: bylaw, Christchurch City Council, public water supply, stormwater, utility, wastewater, Water related services.
[More Information]
Choudhury, A. K., Sahu, N. C., Hughey, K. F. D, Kerr, G. N. (2008) Domestic Water Demand Management. Dimensions of Environmental and Ecological Economics.. Page(s) 435-455. (Universities Press. Please contact the Waterways Centre for Freshwater Management for access.)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifers, Christchurch urban use, christchurch water system, climates, consumption levels, demand management, domestic water consumption, sustainable water supply, urban water use, water demand, water supply system.

Crossland, Andrew, Hardy, Rochelle, Jenkins, Carol, Keller, Jeanine, Kingett Mitchell Limited, McCombs, Kate, McFarlane, Rob, Meurk, Colin, Oliver, Sarah, Pearson, Elizabeth, Renard, T. (2008) South-West Christchurch Area Plan: Phase 1 Report - An Assessment of Natural Values. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifers, bank erosion, bird species, birds, Cashmere Stream, cumulative, discharges, ecological effects, ecological systems, ecological values, fish, flow, freshwater habitat, groundwater, halswell River, Halswell River, haytons Stream, heathcote river, henderson's Basin, Hoon Hay Valley Stream, Invertebrate, leaching, light, long term effects, Milnes Drain, monitoring data, natural values, net impervious area, non-point source discharges, ponding, Quaifes Road, riparian cover, seepage, South-West Christchurch Area Plan, springs, stormwater, stormwater seepage, surface water, temperature, Urban growth, urbanisation, vegetation, water, water quality, water quantity, waterways, waterways, wetlands.
[More Information]
Martin, Adam, Williams, Howard. (2008) State of the Canterbury Region Water Resource, October 2008. #ISBN 978-1-86937-891. (Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: annual, aquifers, Climate, climate projections, groundwater, groundwater levels, groundwater recharge, rainfall, rainfall levels, recharge, river flows, river flows, soil Moisture, soil moisture deficit, soil moisture levels, state of water resources, temperature, trends.
[More Information]
Christchurch City Council. (2008) State of the Environment Monitoring: CREAS Urban Impact Score for Christchurch Waterways. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch waterways, Indicator reporting sheet, State of the Environment monitoring, urban contaminants, urban land use.
[More Information]
Cochrane, T., O'Sullivan, A.D., Wheeler, Joe. (2008) The Tidal Ebb and Flow in a Constructed Wildlife Reserve. (prepared for the University of Canterbury and Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Charlesworth, Charlesworth Reserve, Charlesworth Wetlands, ebb and flow, hydrodynamic modelling, hydrodynamics, tide flow, water flow.
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Collins, Katie. (2007/2008) Spatial Distribution of Aquatic Invertebrates in the Styx River and Smacks Creek in and upstream of Styx Mill Conservation Reserve. (The Styx - Purakaunui: Waterways, Wetlands and Surface Water)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Aquatic invertebrates, ecology, Invertebrate, smacks creek, snails, styx Mill Conservation reserve, styx river.
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Christchurch City Council. (2007) Annual Report 2007: Christchurch Otautahi: Making Christchurch a World-Class Boutique City. #ISBN 1-877313-33-5. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: annual report, wastewater, wastewater treatment, wastewater treatment plant, water supply, waterways.
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(2007) How do we use our precious resources today...to create a healthier environment tomorrow? A discussion document about the Healthy Environment Strategies.
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Keywords: above ground water network, bank erosion, baseflow, Christchurch, Christchurch City Council, drinking water, finite resource, groundwater contamination, rivers, run-off, runoff, springs, stormwater, strategy, streams, Surface water, vegetation, water demand, water network above ground, water quality, water supply.
[More Information]
Jennings, Ross, Martin Zalhoefer, Jens. (2007) Proposed District Centre Plan Change Styx Centre - Infrastructure and Engineering Design Considerations and Assessment of Environmental Effects on the Environment. (Eliot Sinclaire & Partners Ltd, prepared for Calco Developments Ltd)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Aquifer 0, contamination, development, flood, flood management, groundwater, groundwater age, groundwater balance, groundwater velocity, mitigation, sewer network, source of groundwater, stormwater discharge, surface water contamination, urban contaminants, Urban development, water flows, water quantity.
[More Information]
Harding, J S, McIntosh, A R, Winterbourn, M. (2007) Response of the benthic fauna of an urban stream during six years of restoration. New Zealand Natural Sciences. Vol. 32. Page(s) 1-12.
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Keywords: benthic, benthic fauna, benthic invertebrate biodiversity, benthic invertebrate fauna, benthic invertebrates, invertebrate, okeover Stream, patterns, restoration, species distribution, stream restoration, trends, waterway restoration.

Bolton-Ritchie, Lesley. (2007) Sediments and benthic macrobiota of Brooklands Lagoon. #ISBN: 978-1-86937-68. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: ANZECC, benthic macrobiota, bivalves, Brooklands Lagoon, cockles, copper, ecological values, grain size, ISQG, lead, mud flat snails, Nutients, organic, organic matter content, sediments, taxa, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, Zinc.
[More Information]
Couling, Ken, Eastman, Roy, May, Paul, McCarthy, Joe, Oliver, Sarah, Watts, Robert. (2007) South-West Christchurch Area Plan: Phase 1 Report - Ground and Surface Water Management. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: aquifer confining layer, Area Plan, confined aquifers, ecological values, ecology, ephemeral waterways, groundwater, groundwater quality, halswell River, heathcote river, heavy metals, Henderson's Basin, ICMP, infiltration, Integrated Catchment Management Plans, South-West Christchurch Area Plan, springs, stormwater, stormwater management, surface water, surface water quality, Urban development, urban growth.
[More Information]
O'Neill, Eoghan, Purton, Kate, Southen, Paula. (2007) South-West Christchurch Area Plan: Phase 1 Report: Water Supply and Wastewater Disposal. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Infrastructure, infrastructure plans, infrastructure requirements, irrigation, natural Resources Regional Plan, proposed NRRp, South-West Christchurch Area Plan, Wastewater, water supply.
[More Information]
Martin, Adam, Williams, Howard. (2007) State of the Canterbury Region Water Resource, October 2007. (Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: climate projections, foothill river, groundwater Levels, groundwater recharge, land temperature, lowland streams, rainfall, Recharge, river flows, River flows, soil Moisture, soil Moisture, soil moisture levels, temperature, trends, water balance, wells.
[More Information]
(2007) State of the Environment Monitoring: Enterococci Levels at Northern Christchurch Beaches, 2006/2007. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: bacteria, Christchurch City Council, Enterococci concentrations, Indicator reporting sheet, state of the Environment, state of the Environment monitoring, swimming beaches.
[More Information]
Ganeshalingham, R, Johnson, C, Oliver, Tony, van Kalken, T. (2007) Waimakariri Flood Protection Project: Hydraulic Modelling. #ISBN: 1-86937-632-3. (Environment Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch flood hazard, flood hazard, flood mitigation, flooding, floodplain habitat, hydraulic modelling, laser topographic surveying, modelling, Selwyn District Flood hazard, stock bank proposal, Waimakariri River, Waimakariri River flooding.

Blakely, T, Harding, J S, McIntosh, A R, Winterbourn, M. (2006) Barriers to the recovery of aquatic insect communities in urban streams. Freshwater Biology. Vol. 51. #9. Page(s) 1634-1645.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, benthic, benthic community, caddisflies, christchurch urban waterways, culvert, Heathcote River, okeover Stream, restoration, road culverts, species, taxa, waterway restoration.

Claassen, K, Evers, N, Harding, J S. (2006) Can forest fragments reset physical and water quality conditions in agricultural catchments and act as refugia for forest stream invertebrates?. Hydrobiologia.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: agricultural effects, agricultural impacts, agriculture, Banks Peninsula, conservation reserves, forest fragments, kaituna river, Narbey Stream, Negative externalities, okuti river, pigeon bay stream, refugia, riparian, Taxonomic analysis, water quality.
[More Information]
Hector, R, Kikkert, H, Nokes, C, Pang, L, Simunek, J. (2006) Modeling the impact of clustered septic tank systems on groundwater quality. Vadose Zone Journal. Vol. 5. Page(s) 599-609.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: effluent, effluent disposal, groundwater, groundwater quality, HYDRUS, modelling, septic tank, simulation, surface – groundwater interface, Yaldhurst.

Dodson, Sarah. (2006) Reality versus Perception: User Perceptions of the Avon and Heathcote Rivers.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon catchment, Avon River, Christchurch water quality, Heathcote catchment, Heathcote river, perceptions, public awareness, Public perspectives, sampling, water quality.
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Gray, D, Harding, J S, Scarsbrook, Mike. (2006) Spatial biodiversity patterns in a large New Zealand braided river. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 40. Page(s) 631-642.
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Keywords: benthic invertebrate biodiversity, benthic invertebrate communities, benthic Invertebrates, Braided River, braided river catchments, distribution patterns, Invertebrate taxa, sampling, spatial distribution, species distribution, taxa, Waimakariri River.
[More Information]
Martin, Adam, Williams, Howard. (2006) State of the Canterbury Region Water Resource, October 2006. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: climate projections, foothill river, groundwater Levels, groundwater recharge, land temperature, lowland streams, rainfall, Recharge, river flows, River flows, soil Moisture, soil Moisture, soil moisture levels, temperature, trends, water balance, wells.
[More Information]
Zollhoefer, J. M. (2006) The Styx, Purakaunui: Redwood Spring - Ecological Values, Safety Analysis, Community Flow Monitoring and Long-Term Protection. (Eliot Sinclair & Partners Ltd, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: community monitoring, community water quantity monitoring, fauna, fish, flora, flora and fauna, Instream values, public access, Redwood Spring, riparian vegetation, spring flow, spring flows, styx catchment, Styx Esplanade reserve, water quantity.
[More Information]
Duncan, Cain. (2005) An investigation into zinc and suspended solids in urban stormwater and their effect on water quality in the Heathcote River. Vol. Master of Applied Sc. (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: Contaminant loading, Heathcote river, sediment, sediment concentrations, stormwater, suspended solids, urban stormwater, water quality, zinc, zinc concentrations.
[More Information]
Aquatic Ecology Ltd, EOS Ecology Ltd, Kingett Mitchell Ltd. (2005) Aquatic Values & Management: South-West Christchurch Integrated Catchment Management Plan Technical Series. (EOS Ecology Ltd, Aquatic Ecology Ltd & Kingett Mitchell Ltd, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquatic ecology, aquatic ecosystems, biota, development, ecological values, ecosystems, fauna, Fish, fish sampling, freshwater resources, Golf course drain, Halswell Catchment, Heathcote Catchment, instream values, integrated catchment management plan, invertebrate, land use change, mitigation, monitoring, riparian buffer zones, rural land use, sampling, sediment control, South-West, South-West Christchurch, South-West Christchurch integrated catchment management plan, summer sampling, taxa, urban land use.

Eikaas, H S, Kliskey, A D, McIntosh, A R. (2005) Catchment- and site-scale influences of forest cover and longitudinal forest position on the distribution of a diadromous fish. Freshwater Biology. Vol. 50. Page(s) 527-538.
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Keywords: banks Peninsula, diadromous fish, fish, fish distribution, flea bay, forest, forest cover, french Farm, galaxias, galaxias breviphinnis, galaxiid, geographical information systems, gIS, hydrological connectivity, kaituna river, koaro, land use, little river, okuti river, opara stream, opara stream, pigeon bay stream, prices valley, riparian forest cover, riparian vegetation, robinsons Bay, species distribution, streams, vegetation cover, wainui.
[More Information]
Adam, John, Dawson, Sarah, Matthews, Jane, O'Keeffe, Mary, Petry, Bruce, Wilson, John. (2005) Contextual Historical Overview of Christchurch City. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: artesian groundwater, artesian well, before settlement, Bromley sewerage station, Christchurch City, Christchurch City Council, drainage, Drainage Board, high pressure water supply, historical overview, sewerage, stormwater, swamp, water supply, Woolston cut.
[More Information]
Eikaas, H S, Kliskey, A D, McIntosh, A R. (2005) Environmental Assessment: Spatial Modeling and Habitat Quantification for Two Diadromous Fish in New Zealand Streams: A GIS-Based Approach with Application for Conservation Management. Environmental Management. Vol. 36. #5. Page(s) 726-740.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: banks Peninsula, distribution, fish, g. brevipinnis, galaxias fasciatus, koaro, kokopu, logistic regression model, modelling, occurence probability, regression model, species distribution.

Coombes, Elizabeth. (2005) Hydrology of the Kaputone Stream: a quantitative analysis. Vol. Master of Applied Sc. Page(s) 47. (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: Christchurch, evaporation, groundwater, hydrology, Kaputone Stream, quantitative analysis, rainfall, recommendations, surface water, surface water, urban development, urbanisation, water flow, water levels, water quantity.
[More Information]
Harding, J S, Neumegen, R E, Smith, I L. (2005) Spiders, Culverts and Urban Streams. (University of Canterbury)
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Keywords: avon stream, caddis, caddisflies, culvert, culverts, ecology, monitoring, okeover Stream, restoration, spiders, water quality.

Aitchison-Earl, Philippa, Davey, Grant, Horrell, Graeme, Martin, Adam, Sanders, Russel, Scott, David, Smith, Esther, Weeber, John. (2005) State of the Canterbury Region Water Resource, October 2005. (Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: annual, aquifers, Climate, climate projections, El Nino, groundwater, groundwater levels, groundwater recharge, hydrograph, rainfall, rainfall levels, recharge, river flows, river flows, soil Moisture, soil moisture deficit, soil moisture levels, state of water resources, temperature, trends.
[More Information]
Christchurch City Council. (2005) Water & Sanitary Services Assessment. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: abstraction, artesian aquifers, Assessment of Water and Sanitary Services, Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Avon River, chemicals, constructed wetlands, contamination, discharge permit, drinking water, drinking water demand, drinking water standards, ecosystem health, effluent, halswell River, Heathcote River, microbiological contamination, New Zealand Drinking Water Standards, Nutients, salinity, salt water intrustion, sewerage, shallow groundwater supplies, stormwater, stormwater drainage, stormwater retention ponds, Styx River, surface channels, swales, treatment of water, wastewater, wastewater disposal, wastewater flow, wastewater treatment, water reticulation, water sources, water storage, water supply, water supply risk factors, water treatment, wells, wet weather events, wet weather overflows.
[More Information]
Elliot, Sandy, Jowett, Ian, Richardson, Jody, Suren, Alistair. (2004) A guide for assessing effects of urbanisation on flow-related stream habitat. #ISBN 0-478-23271-3. (NIWA)
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Keywords: biological communities, Christchurch, stream flows, stream habitat, urban stream, Urbanisation.
[More Information]
White, Paul. (2004) Freshwater Feature: Groundwater Aquifers of Christchurch. Freshwater Update. Vol. No.05. (NIWA)
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Keywords: aquifer, Christchurch, drinking water, groundwater.
[More Information]
Aitchison-Earl, Philippa, Davey, Grant, Ettema, Marc, McKerchar, Alistair, Scott, D M, Smith, Esther, Weeber, John. (2004) State of the Canterbury Region Water Resource, October 2004. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: annual, aquifers, Climate, climate projections, El Nino, groundwater, groundwater levels, groundwater recharge, hydrograph, rainfall, rainfall levels, recharge, river flows, river flows, soil Moisture, soil moisture deficit, soil moisture levels, state of water resources, temperature, trends.
[More Information]
Monitoring and Research Team, Christchurch City Council. (2003) Christchurch City Environmental Trends 2003 - DRAFT. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: abstraction, DIN, Dissolved inorganic nitrogen, Dissolved reactive phosphorus, drainage, DRP, ecosystems, El Nino, Eutrophication, faecal coliform concentrations, flooding, groundwater, groundwater abstraction, groundwater monitoring, groundwater quality, hydrocarbons, irrigation, leachate, rainfall, rainfall levels, rivers, run-off, snowfall, stormwater, stormwater pipes, surface water, surface water pressures, swimming guidelines, temperature, water management, water quality, water quality parameters, water quantity, waterways, wetlands.
[More Information]
Christchurch City Council. (2003) Christchurch City Environmental Trends 2003 - Draft: The Coastal Environment. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Avon - Heathcote Estuary, beach, Brooklands Lagoon, Coastal wetlands, coastline, DIN, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, Dissolved reactive phosphorus, DRP, estuaries, heavy metals, nutrient, nutrient inputs, recreation, recreational water quality, sea level rise, water quality.
[More Information]
Meinzinger, Franziska. (2003) GIS-based site identification for the land application of wastewater: Christchurch City, New Zealand. Vol. Master of Applied Sc. (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: Christchurch, Christchurch City, climate, economic viability, effluent, environmental values, feasibility, GIS, groundwater, land application, social environment, surface water, wastewater, wastewater land application, Wastewater Treatment, Wastewater treatment plant.
[More Information]
Harding, J S. (2003) Historic Deforestation and the fate of Endemic Invertebrate Species in Streams. Vol. 37. Page(s) 333-345.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: balguerie stream, Banks Peninsula, benthic invertebrate biodiversity, benthic invertebrate species, deforestation, historical deforestation, indigenous biodiversity, indigenous forest catchment, Invertebrate, kaituna river, land use change, le bons stream, little akaroa stream, Narbey Stream, Okana River catchment, okuti river, opara stream, pigeon bay stream, species distribution, stream fauna, taxanomic richness, Taxonomic analysis.

Blakely, T, Harding, J S, McIntosh, A R. (2003) Impacts of Urbanisation on Okeover Stream, Christchurch. (Freshwater Ecology Research Group, University of Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Aquatic ecology, aquatic health, avon stream, benthic invertebrate biodiversity, benthic invertebrates, culverts, ecological health indicators, fauna, invertebrate fauna, Okeover Stream, physical characteristics, restoration, sampling, sediment, sediment, stream health, streams, surface water quality, University of Canterbury, waimairi Stream, water chemistry, water quality, waterway restoration.
[More Information]
Quinn, John M. (2003) Riparian Management Classification for Canterbury Streams. (NIWA, prepared for Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Aesthetic, Aquatic ecosystems, Bank stabilisation, biophysical, denitrification, ecosystem health, flooding, recreation, riparian, Riparian areas, Riparian buffer, Riparian management, Riparian vegetation, Riparian zone, stream habitat, water quality.
[More Information]
Aitchison-Earl, Philippa, Chater, Mandy, Dicker, Michael, Ettema, Marc, Sanders, Russel, Scott, David, Smith, Esther, Weeber, John. (2003) State of the Canterbury Region Water Resource, October 2003. (Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: annual, aquifers, Climate, climate projections, El Nino, groundwater, groundwater levels, groundwater recharge, rainfall, rainfall levels, recharge, river flows, river flows, soil Moisture, soil moisture deficit, soil moisture levels, state of water resources, temperature, trends.
[More Information]
Kerr, G. N, Sharp, B. M. H, White, Paul. (2003) The economics of augmenting Christchurch's water supply. Journal of Hydrology (New Zealand). Vol. 42. #2. Page(s) 113-124.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: dollar, domestic demand, domestic water consumption, economic benefits, economic value, environmental issues, groundwater aquifers, water demand, water supply.
[More Information]
Christchurch City Council. (2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Impacts of Development. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Bank erosion, base flow, channel erosion, channelisation, chemical contaminants, development, drainage, fish, flood flows, hydrocarbons, invertebrates, metals, modification, PAHs, peak flow, riparian, riparian vegetation, rural development, rural land use, sediment, stock access, stock access to waterways, stormwater, urban development, urbanisation, Urbanisation, vegetation, water quality, wetlands, willows.
[More Information]
(2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Inundation Design Performance Standards. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Catchments, climate change, flood, flooding, floodplain management, inundation, rainfall, secondary flow paths, storms, surface water, waterways.
[More Information]
(2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Lowland Waterways. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Channel morphology, Downstream Rivers, drainage, drains, Hill Waters, low flows, lowland river, Lowland waterways, Open Utility Waterways, restoration, river maintenance, surface run off, surface run off interception, timber lined drains, tributaries, Upstream Rivers, Utility Waterways, water races, water races, waterway categories, waterway network, waterway restoration.
[More Information]
(2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Soils and Geomorphology of Christchurch. (Christchurch City Council)
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Keywords: Black Maps, geomorphology, land use, Piezometric contours, River flood channels, sea level rise, soils, springs, surface land use, swswamps, urban development, Urban growth, Waimakariri River channels, water flow.
[More Information]
(2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Surface Water and Groundwater Interception. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: channels, Christchurch City Council, drainage, drainage to groundwater, groundwater, groundwater drainage, groundwater interception, hillside interception channels, Infiltration, interception channels, roadside drainage, runoff, soil filter, subsoil drains, Surface water, surface water interception, swales.
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(2003) Waterways, Wetlands and Drainage Guide: Waterway Erosion Protection. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: bank erosion, bank failure, bank full, bank terracing, burrowing, catchment development, discharge velocities, Energy zones, Erosion, erosion protection, gabions, groundwater erosion, retaining walls, salt water intrustion, sediment transfer, sudden collapse, turbulance, water velocity, waterways, wave erosion.
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Stewart, Mike, Trompetter, Vanessa, Van der Raaij, Rob. (2002) Age and source of Canterbury plains groundwater. (Prepared by Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences for Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: Age Determination, age of groundwater, CFC Dating, Confined aquifers, Environment canterbury, groundwater recharge, Nitrogen concentrations, Nitrogen-15, Oxygen-18, security of groundwater drinking water supplies, source of groundwater, sustainable development, Tritium.
[More Information]
Bidwell, Vince, Bright, John, McIndoe, Ian, Morgan, Matthew, Robb, Christina. (2002) Canterbury Strategic Water Study: Stage One Report. (Lincoln Environmental, prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment Canterbury and the Ministry for the Environment)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: abstraction, abstraction limits, allocation, Evapotranspiration, groundwater, groundwater recharge, irrigated land, irrigation, irrigation, irrigation demand, land Surface Recharge, land use, lowland streams, minimum flow, regional water balance, reliabilty of supply, River flows, river recharge, selwyn River, stock demand, surface water, surface water allocation zones, water balance, water demand, water demand calculations.
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Hayward, S A. (2002) Christchurch-West Melton Groundwater Quality: A review of groundwater quality monitoring data from January 1986 to March 2002. (Environment Canterbury)
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Keywords: aesthetic, algal growth, aquifer, arsenic, Christchurch, Concentration, confined aquifers, drinking water standards, faecal coliform concentrations, groundwater, groundwater chemistry, groundwater quality surveys, groundwater recharge, high water levels, iron, Long term patterns, long term trends, manganese, maximum Accepted Value, nitrate-nitrogen, ph, phosphorus, rainfall, recharge sources, saltwater, spring-fed, springston, unconfined aquifer, unconfined groundwater.
[More Information]
Close, M E, Pang, Liping, Schneider, D, Stanton, G. (2002) Effect of pore-water velocity on chemical nonequilibrium transport of Cd, Zn, and Pb in alluvial gravel columns. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. Vol. 57. #3-4. Page(s) 241-258.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: alluvial, alluvial gravel columns, Burnham, cadmium, chemcial nonequilibrium, groundwater, groundwater, heavy metal concentration, heavy metals, lead, nonequilibrium, pore water, pore water velocity, Velocity profiles, zinc.

Parks and Waterways Unit Christchurch City Council. (2002) The Groynes: a concept for the future. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: ecology, fishing, history, lakes, Maori, recreationals, riparian vegetation, sacred sites, swimming ponds, water, waterways, wetlands.
[More Information]
Rosen, M R, White, P A, Brown, L J. (2001) Canterbury. Groundwaters of New Zealand. Page(s) 441-459. (New Zealand Hydrological Society Inc)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifer, central Canterbury Plains, central Plains, groundwater, groundwater characteristics, groundwater rechrage, hydrogeology, recharge, water availability.

Booker, D J, Graynoth, Eric. (2001) Instream habitat and flow regime requirements for Birdlings Brook, the Halswell river, Harts Creek, and the Lee River. #ISBN: 978-1-86937-91. (NIWA, prepared for Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Birdlings Brook, eels, flow variability, freshes, halswell River, Harts Creek, Instream Ecological Values, instream habitat modelling, Instream values, Lee River, minimum flow, physical habitat modelling, seasonal flow requirements, trout.
[More Information]
Rosen, M R, White, P A, Sinton, L W. (2001) Microbial Contaminants of New Zealand's Aquifers. Groundwaters of New Zealand. Page(s) 221-251. (New Zealand Hydrological Society Inc)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: alluvial aquifer, aquifers, bacteria, burnham, contaminant concentration, contaminants, effluent irrigation, faecal coliform, groundwater, groundwater quality, microbes, microbial contaminants, templeton.

Environment Canterbury. (2001) Our water in the balance: Christchurch/West Melton rivers and groundwater. Issues and Options - A discussion document contributing to the preparation of the Natural Resources Regional Plan. #ISBN 1-86937-401-0. (Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch-West Melton aquifer system, contamination risk, groundwater, groundwater management, intensive farming, land use intensification, management, water demand, water quality.

Morland, Kim. (2001) Restoring Bexley Wetlands: Bexley Wetland Development Plan August 2001. (City Design, prepared for Parks, Waterways and Wetlands, Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Bexley, bird habitat, birds, community clean up, community involvement, contaminated sites, development plan, education, habitat, history, plant pests, plants, recreation, restoration, salt marsh, stopbanks, vegetation, Wetland.
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Duncan, Maurice J, Hicks, Murray. (2001) The lower Avon River: why is the salt marsh area eroding?. (National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, Bridge Street Bridge, erosion, estuary, Historical trends, Juncus maratimus, patterns, salt marsh, sea rush salt marsh, stopbank, trends.

Beca. (2001) The Solid Facts on Christchurch Liquefaction. The Q Files. (Beca, prepared for Environment Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: earthquake, groundwater levels, Liquefaction, liquefaction risk, soils, water table.
[More Information]
Greenaway, Rob. (2001) The Styx: A Recreation Vision for the Styx River. (Rob Greenaway & Associates, prepared for the Water Services Unit, Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: angling, canoeing, eductation, fishing, kayaking, rafting, recreation, recreational values, river access, Styx Mill Basin, Styx River, trout fishing, User conflicts, water quality, whitebaiting.

Blakely, T, Harding, J S. (20005) Longitudinal Patterns in Benthic Communities in an Urban Stream under Restoration. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 39. Page(s) 17-28.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: ANZECC, avon River, benthic fauna, benthic macroinvertebrate, biological communities, hydrological characteristics, ISQG, macroinvertebrate community, okeover Stream, restoration, riparian, stream restoration, taxa, Taxonomic analysis, Trigger levels, trigger values, urban stream, waimairi Stream.
[More Information]
Scott, David M. (2000) Christchurch Groundwater Investigation: Simulation of alternative groundwater abstraction scenarios and their effect on baseflows of the Avon and Heathcote Rivers. (Environment Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, Christchurch-West Melton groundwater system, computer simulations, estimation, future management, groundwater abstraction, Heathcote River, modelling, saltwater intrusion, spring fed streams, stream depletion, surface groundwater interface, Unconfined/confined, water balance.

Armstrong, M J, Close, M E, Nobes, David C. (2000) Delineation of a landfill leachate plume and flow channels in coastal sands near Christchurch, New Zealand, using a shallow electromagnetic survey method. Hydrogeology Journal. Vol. 8. Page(s) 328-336.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Burwood Landfill, Burwood Resource Recovery Park, contamination, Groundwater, groundwater contamination, landfill, leachate, leaching.
[More Information]
Plew, D. R. (2000) Transverse Velocities and Shear Stresses in River Bends. Vol. Master of Civil Engi. Page(s) 183. (University of Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, bed shear stress, bed stress, channel, channel bends, flow velocity, modelling, shear stress, stream bends, velocity profiles, Waimari Stream.

Christchurch City Council. (2000) Vision 2000-2040: The Styx – Waterways, Wetlands and Surface Water: Community Planning for the Future. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Brooklands Lagoon, changing land use, ecology, eels, future management, Guardians of the Styx, heritage, historical overview, Kaputone Stream, management, recreation, reserve, riparian management, Smacks Creek, styx catchment, Styx River, Styx River catchment, sustainable management, tangata whenua, trout, urbanisation, Waimakariri River, water quality, wetlands, whitebaiting.

Environment Canterbury Regional Council, Weeber, John H. (2000) Watering Christchurch: The Story of Well Drilling and Water Supply in Christchurch. #ISBN: 1-86937-370-7.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifer structure, artesians, Christchurch, geology, groundwater, historical overview, public water supply, surface water, Swamp, well drilling, well logs.

Taylor, M.. (1999) Fish and invertebrate values of the Styx River catchment: a strategic review. (National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd, prepared for Waterways and Wetlands Team, Water Services Unit, Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: brooklands lagoon, Brown trout, common bullies, diversity, Eels, fauna, fish, fish spawning grounds, fish species, inanga, Invertebrate, species distribution, species diversity, styx catchment, styx river, water quality, water quality indicators, whitebait.
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Canterbury Regional Council, Jocelyn Darling Communications. (1999) Fresh Waters of Canterbury: Nga Wai o Waitaha. #ISBN: 1-86937-367-7. (Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: alpine rivers, alpine rivers, aquifers, aquifers, ecosystem, ecosystem, foothill rivers, foothill rivers, fresh water, fresh water, groundwater, groundwater, groundwater, groundwater, groundwater surface interface, groundwater surface interface, hydraulic connection, hydraulic connection, Lake Coleridge, Lake Coleridge, Lake Ellesmere, Lake Ellesmere, Lake Forsyth, Lake Forsyth, lakes, lakes, out of stream uses, out of stream uses, Rakaia, Rakaia, spring –fed, spring –fed, springs, springs, surface water, surface water, tangata whenua, tangata whenua, Te Waihora, Te Waihora, values, values, Waimakariri River, Waimakariri River, Wairewa, Wairewa, water allocation, water allocation, water quality, water quality, water quantity, water quantity, wetlands, wetlands.

(1999) Study of the Effects of Sea Level Rise for Christchurch. (Tonkin and Taylor Ltd, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Avon River, Brooklands Lagoon, Christchurch, climate change, coastal processes, erosion, estimates of sea level rise, groundwater, heathcote river, impacts, Inundation, planning, protection measures, river bank erosion, salinity, Sea level rise, sediment supply, sedimentation, storm effects, Waimakariri River, water levels.
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New Zealand Water and Wastes Association. (1999) Valuing Our Environment: Dollars and Sense. NZWWA 41st Annual Conference & Expo, 22 – 24 September 1999. (New Zealand Water and Wastes Association Inc)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aeration, birds, Christchurch waste water outfall project, Christchurch wastewater, Fish, heavy metals, ocean outfall, odour, oxidation ponds, proposed ocean outfall, proposed upgrade, recreation, sea lettuce, treatment plant, wastewater, wastewater treatment, water and wastes, water quality.

Kennedy, Martin R. (1999) Water policy beliefs and preferences. Vol. Master of Applied Sc. (Lincoln University)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: acceptability, artesian aquifers, beliefs, Christchurch Aquifers, groundwater, perspectives, policies, water policies.
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Sullivan, B J. (1998) Public perceptions of wetlands: implications for wetland conservation and management. Vol. Master of Applied Sc. (Lincoln University)
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Keywords: perceptions, priorities, wetland conservation, wetland management, wetland restoration, wetlands.
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Pattle Delamore Partners Ltd. (1998) Report on Christchurch-West Melton Groundwater System Variations in Water Balance. (Pattle Delamore Partners Ltd, prepared for Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifer throughflow, baseflows, Christchurch-West Melton groundwater system, groundwater abstractions, groundwater level fluctuations, rainfall recharge, river seepage, Stockwater Race leakage, stockwater races, vertical aquifer leakage, Waimakariri River Seepage, water balance, water balance variations, water level, water level fluctuations, water takes, Well abstractions.

Crossland, Andrew. (1998) The birdlife of Christchurch’s tributary waterways. (Water Services Unit, Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avoca Valley Stream, birdlife, birdlife habitat, Christchurch steams, Christchurch waterways, Habitat, Hoon Hay Valley Stream, Horseshoe Lake, Jacksons Creek, Kaputone, Nottingham Stream, Old Lake Outlet, Papanui, Smacks Creek, Streamwharf Stream, Upper Tributaries, Wairarapa Stream.

Elliot, A. H. (1997) Analysis of Potential Stormwater Quality Controls in Christchurch. (Department of Natural Resources Engineering, Lincoln University, prepared for the Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: benefits, contaminants, costs, fish, habitat, heavy metals, indicator bacteria, invertebrates, land use, modelling, nutrients, raw data, sediment, stormwater management, stormwater quality, toxins, water quality, waterway enhancement.

Scholes, Paul. (1997) Assessing Urban Nonpoint Source Water Pollution in Christchurch. Vol. Master of Resource S. Page(s) 187. (Lincoln University)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: biology, Christchurch waterways, contaminants, degradation, freshwater, heavy metals, non-point source discharges, non-point source pollution, Nutients, pollution, sediments, Urban waterway health, Urbanisation, zinc.
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Little, Richard. (1997) Christchurch – West Melton Groundwater: Hydrogeology (Volume 1 of 3). (Woodward-Clyde (NZ) Ltd, prepared for Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: abstraction impacts, abstraction rates, aquifer parameters, aquifer structure, Bromley Formation, Burwood Aquifer, Christchurch Formation, Christchurch-West Melton Groundwater area, collective pumping, confined aquifer, cumulative effects, geology, groundwater takes, hydrogeological data, Linwood Aquifer, Linwood Gravel, Riccarton Aquifer, Riccarton Gravel, saltwater intrusion, Springston Formation, stratigraphy, Waioni aquifer, water level, water supply network.

Little, Richard. (1997) Christchurch-West Melton Groundwater: Hydrogeology: volume 1 of 3. (Woodward-Clyde (NZ) Ltd, prepared for Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifer characteristics, aquifers, bromley formation, Burwood Aquifer, burwood gravel, Christchurch Formation, christchurch-West Melton aquifer system, formations, geological data, gravels, groundwater, groundwater abstraction, groundwater system, heathcote formation, hydrogeology, Linwood Aquifer, linwood gravel, resource consent, Riccarton Aquifer, riccarton gravel, shirley formation, Springston Formation aquifer, stratigraphy, Wainoni Aquifer, wainoni gravel.

Little, Richard. (1997) Christchurch-West Melton Groundwater: Resource Consent Applications – Groundwater Abstractions Officers Report and Recommendations. (Woodward-Clyde (NZ) Ltd, prepared for Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch-West Melton Groundwater, consent, Consent applications, groundwater abstractions, investigating officers report, water takes.

Hayward, Jenny A. (1997) Distributional Ecology and Taxonomy of Benthic Algae of a Steam in Hinewai Reserve, Banks Peninsula. Department of Plant and Microbial Sciences. Vol. Master of Science. Page(s) 127. (University of Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: algae, algae presence, Aquatic ecology, artficial substrata, Banks Peninsula, benthic algae, community ecology, diatom, distribution, ecology, epilithic algae, epiphytic algae, hinewai reserve, microbe assessment, microbes, microbial science, Narbey Stream, species distribution, taxonomic analysis, taxonomy, water quality.

Pattle Dalamore Partners Ltd. (1997) Enhancement of Flow in Christchurch City Waterways via Stock Water Race Discharges. (Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aesthetics, Christchurch streams, cultural issue, economic costs, environmental issues, flooding, flow levels, increased flow levels, low flow mitigation, stream enhancement, tangata whenua, turbitidy, Waimakariri River, water race scheme, western Christchurch waterways.

Canterbury Regional Council. (1997) Groundwater: Christchurch, West Melton. #ISBN: 1-86937-318-9.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch aquifers, Christchurch groundwater, Christchurch West Melton, Christchurch West Melton groundwater system, confined aquifer, future management, Geology, groundwater, historical overview, hydrology, management, sustainable management, unconfined aquifer, water balance.

Barker, Rachel, Davies, Louisa, Morland, Kim. (1997) Restoring Nottingham Stream: Developed by Christchurch City Council and the Residents of Halswell. #ISBN: 0-9597973-8-6. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: catchment, community plan, cultural values, ecology, Ecology, fences, flood management, future management, future visions, geology, Groundwater system, Halswell, Halswell River, Historical overview, Maori, Nottingham Stream, recreation, stream restoration, water flow, water flow.

Christchurch City Council. (1997) The Woolston Tidal Barrage: The Story of the Woolston Tidal Barrage and its construction on the Heathcote River, Christchurch. (Water Services Unit, Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: dying trees, ecological implications, flood, flood mitigation, Flood protection, flooding, Heathcote River, mud crabs, Opawaho, root decay, salinity, willow trees, Woolston Cut, Woolston Tidal Barrage.

Fox, V. J, Taylor, C. B. (1996) An isotopic study of dissolved inorganic carbon in the catchment of the Waimakariri River and deep ground water of the North Canterbury Plains, New Zealand. Journal of Hydrology. Vol. 186. Page(s) 161-190.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Age Determination, Canterbury Plains, groundwater, groundwater characteristics, isotope composition, isotope ratios, river recharge, Waimakariri River, Waimakariri River recharge.
[More Information]
Gilson, M. (1996) Christchurch City Surface Water Quality Data 1994-95. (Christchurch City Waste Management Unit Laboratory, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon catchment, Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, bacteria, bacteriological concentrations, biological data, chemical data, Christchurch rivers, drains, Estuary, Halswell catchment, Halswell River, Heathcote catchment, Heathcote River, heavy metals, metal concentrations, monitoring, oxidation ponds, raw data, Styx Catchment, Styx River, surface water, tributaries, water quality data.

Morland, K M. (1996) Development and Assessment of an Approach for Urban Riparian Restoration. Vol. Master of Applied Sc. Page(s) 230. (Lincoln University)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch, frost, riparian, riparian vegetation, Riparian zone, slope instability, soil Moisture, soil pH, urban riparian zones, urbanisation.
[More Information]
Broadbent, Mike, Pattle Delamore Partners Ltd. (1996) The Potential for Artificial Recharge of the Shallow Aquifers in the Christchurch-West Melton Area: Principles, Dynamics and Constraints – Literature Review. #ISBN: 1-86937-298-0. (Pattle Delamore Partners Ltd, prepared for Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: artificial aquifer recharge, artificial groundwater recharge, artificial recharge, Christchurch-West Melton, Christchurch-West Melton groundwater zone, groundwater management, groundwater quantity, groundwater recharge, modelling, recharge.

Corboy, Craig. (1995) The Avon River: a recreational resource. Vol. Diploma of Parks and. (University of Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, history, recreation, recreational use.
[More Information]
Robb, J.A.. (1994) Christchurch City Surface Water Quality Data 1993-94. (Christchurch City Council Waste Management Unit Laboratory, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon catchment, Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, bacteria, bacteriological concentrations, biological data, chemical data, Christchurch rivers, drains, Estuary, Halswell catchment, Halswell River, Heathcote catchment, Heathcote River, heavy metals, metal concentrations, monitoring, oxidation ponds, raw data, Styx Catchment, Styx River, surface water, tributaries, water quality data.

Canterbury Regional Council. (1994) Shining Waters – Issues of an Urban Catchment. (Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, bank erosion, discharges, ecology, estuarine environment, Heathcote River, industrial pollution, land use, landscape values, mud crabs, oxidation ponds, Planning Issues, recreation, salinity, sewerage, urban development, urbanisation, Water Quality, wetland, wildlife population, Woolston Cut.

Edwards, J C, Sevicke-Jones, G T, Taylor, K J W. (1993) Bathing Water Quality in Canterbury: Recreational Water Quality Survey Results for 1992/93. #ISBN: 1-86937-221-2. (Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Akaroa, Akaroa Harbour, Akaroa Harbour beaches, Avon River, Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, Bacteria, Camp Bay, Cass Bay, Church Bay, Contact Recreation, Corsair Bay, Diamond Harbour, faecal coliform, French Farm, Heathcote River, indicator bacteria, Lyttelton Harbour, Lyttelton Harbour beaches, Pegasus Bay, Purau Bay, Recreation, Robinsons Bay, Selwyn River, Swimming, Tikao Bay, Wainui, Water Quality, Water Quality Standards for Contact Recreation.

Close, M E. (1992) Appendix Five: Groundwater Modelling for Christchurch Metropolitan Landfill Consents, in 'Christchurch City Council Burwood Landfill Consent Application: Technical Supporting Document'. (prepared for Murray-North)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: burwood Landfill, christchurch metropolitan landfill, contaminant concentrations, estimation, groundwater, groundwater behaviour, groundwater patterns, groundwater quality, groundwater velocity, landfill, landfill leachate, landfill leaching, leachate, leachate plume, leaching, modelling, organic compounds, retardation, simulation, trace metals, transportation, water quality, wells.

Thomson, S. D, Wong, C.C.P. (1992) Distribution of the Cockle, Chione Stutchburyi in the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Christchurch, New Zealand. (Christchurch Drainage Laboratory, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon-Heathcote Estuary, biomass, biotic characteristics, Chione Stutchburyi, cockle, densities, land use change, oxidation pond, physical characteristics, sampling.

Griffin, J. M, Thomson, S. D. (1992) Distribution of the Tidal Mudflat Snail Amphibola Crenata in the Avon-Heathcote Estuary Christchurch, New Zealand. (Christchurch Drainage Laboratory, prepared for Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Amphibola Crenata, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, biological, biological data, discharge, mudflat snail, pollution, raw data, sampling, sewerage treatment, tidal mudflat snail, water quality.

McCombs, Kate, Partridge, Trevor. (1992) Vegetation of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary, Christchurch. (prepared for the Parks Unit, Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: avon river, Avon-Heathcote Estaury, bexley, calders green, estuary, heathcote river, Ihutai, marsh, oxidation pond, penguin st, rat island, sandy point, sea rush, sea rush salt marsh, south brighton, vegetation characteristics, vegetation distribution, vegetation survey, wetland.

Welsh, Craig. (1991) A contingent valuation study of consumers' willingness to pay for water: an approach to conserving Christchurch's groundwater resource. Vol. Master of Science. Page(s) 79. (Lincoln University)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifer, Canterbury Regional Council, Christchurch, Christchurch groundwater, consumption, demand, domestic water use, groundwater, groundwater management, inexhaustible, pricing mechanism, Resource, water price.
[More Information]
Close, M E. (1991) Appendix Two: Assessment of Christchurch Metropolitan Landfill Groundwater Quality Data, in Council Internal Report 'Christchurch Metropolitan Landfill Dispensation: Compliance Monitoring Review'. (DSIR Geology and Geophysics, prepared for Canterbury Regional Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Burwood landfill, Christchurch metropolitan landfill, coastal environment, council internal report, drinking water, groundwater, groundwater quality, landfill, leachate, leachate plume, leaching, monitoring, monitoring programme, water quality, water quality indicators.

Broady, P. A, Ingerfeld, M. (1991) Placoma regulare sp. nov. (Entophysalidaceae, Cyanobacteria) from New Zealand streams. Phycologia. Vol. 30. #6. Page(s) 547-555.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Banks Peninsula, cyanobacteria, ecology, entophysalidaceae, hinewai reserve, Narbey Stream, Placoma regulare, raw data, sampling, streams.

Hayes, L, McDermott, C, Paterson, M. S, Robb, J. A, Swain, T. (1989) A Biological Survey of the Styx River Catchment. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Aquatic macrophytes, biological Survey, Christchurch Drainage Board Report, freshwater invertebrates, kaputone Stream, Sampling, Smacks Creek, Styx River, Styx River Catchment, surface water quality, water quality.

Wilson, John. (1989) Christchurch Swamp to City: A Short History of the Christchurch Drainage Board 1875-1989. (Te Waihora Press, for the Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, avon-Heathcote Estaury, Black Maps, Christchurch Drainage Board, dredging, flood, flood events, flood relief, flooding, Heathcote River, historical overview, pollution, pumping stations, reticulation, settlement, sewer, sewer construction, swamps, treatment of water, Waimakariri.

Close, M E, Dillon, P J, Scott, R I. (1989) Diffuse-Source Nitrate Contamination of Groundwater in New Zealand and Australia. Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium - Comparisons in Austral Hydrology, 23-30 November 1989. (The Institute of Engineers, Australia)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquifer, Christchurch, contaminant concentration, diffuse pollution, environmental issues, fertiliser, groundwater, groundwater system, health risk, leaching, lincoln, nitrate, nitrate concentrations, nitrate leaching, nitrogen, samples.

Close, M E, Hodgson, L R, Tod, G. (1989) Field evaluation of fluorescent whitening agents and sodium tripolyphosphate as indicators of septic tank contamination in domestic wells. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 23. #4. Page(s) 563-568.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: bacteria, chemical analysis, domestic wells, drinking water standards, effluent, faecal coliform, fluorescent whitening agents, groundwater, groundwater quality, new Zealand drinking water standards, septic tank, sodium tripolyphosphate, water quality, water quality indicators, wells, Yaldhurst.

Bonnett, M. L, Eldon, G. A, Kelly, G. R, Taylor, M.. (1989) Fisheries Survey of the Heathcote River: January 1989. #ISBN: 0-477-08179-7. (Freshwater Fisheries Centre MAFFish, prepared for the Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: bullies, common bully, fish diversity, fish habitat, fish passage, fish species, fishing resource, giant bully, habitat, Heathcote catchment, Heathcote River, inanga, inanga spawning, long-finned eel, recommendations, seasonal patterns, short-finned eel, spawning, species diversity, upland bully, yellow-eyed mullet.

Biggs, Barry J, Close, M E. (1989) Periphyton biomass dynamics in gravel bed rivers: the relative effects of flows and nutrients. Freshwater Biology. Vol. 22. Page(s) 209-231.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: alpine rivers, Ashley, Avon River, biomass, chlorophyll A concentration, dissolved reactive phosphorus, drp, flows, foothill river, nitrogen, nutrient, Periphyton, periphyton Biomass, periphyton chlorophyll river flow, Rakaia, regulation, Selwyn River, spring fed river, WAimakariri River.
[More Information]
Thorpe, H R. (1989) Proceedings of a Ground Water Workshop. Groundwater Workshop.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: abstraction, aquifers, consents, groundwater, modelling, North Canterbury Catchment board, permits, water consents, water rights.

Asplin, Susan J.. (1989) Urban Wetlands. Vol. Diploma in Landscape. Page(s) 115. (Lincoln College)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: sustainability, Travis Swamp, Travis Wetland, Urban waterway health, urban waterways, urban wetlands, wetland characteristics, wetlands.
[More Information]
Noonan, M. J, Robb, J. A. (1988) Confirmed and Faecal Coliform Bacteria in Cockles (Chione Stutchburyi) in Estuaries near Christchurch, New Zealand. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon-Heathcote Estuary, biological parameters, Brooklands Lagoon, Chione Stutchburyi, cockle beds, cockles, estuary, faecal coliform, faecal coliform bacteria, faecal coliform concentrations, microbiological, monitoring, surface water quality, trends, water quality.

Catchment Planning Advisory Group. (1988) Heathcote River Catchment – Policy Framework for Management of Flood Control. (Catchment Planning Advisory Group, prepared for the Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch Drainage Board, flood management, flood mitigation measures, flooding, future management, Heathcote River, Heathcote river catchment, Heathcote River flooding, policy, policy framework, recommendations, Woolston Cut.

Dang, Oanh, Gilson, M, Gnad, P. A, Robb, J. A., Rowell, P. B, Sibly, K. J, Sutherland, B. E, van der Velden, H. N. (1988) Heavy Metals in the Rivers and Estuaries of Metropolitan Christchurch and Outlying Areas. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, biota, Christchurch Drainage Board, Christchurch treatment works, city outfall drain, cockles, copper, Heathcote River, heavy metal concentration, heavy metals, lead, mudflat snails, oxidation ponds, raw data, sampling, sediment characteristics, sediment size, spatial distribution, Styx River, wasterwater treatment, water resources, zinc.

Barker, Rachel, Couling, Ken, Cutler, Alan, O’Brien, Leanne, Rance, Chris, Watson, Allan, Weston, Jeff. (1988) Restoring the Waterways within the University of Canterbury: A Partnership Plan – Analysis and Preliminary Proposals. (The Waterway and Wetlands Team, Water Services Unit, Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, ecological values, ecology, Ilam River, in-stream values, management, Okeover Stream, restoration, riparian vegetation, self-maintaining, stream bank, stream bed, stream flows, sustainability, University of Canterbury, Water quality, water quantity.

(1987) Managing Our Soil and Water Resources: Proceedings of the New Zealand Association of Soil Conservators Annual Conference. New Zealand Association of Soil Conservators Conference. (New Zealand Association of Soil Conservators)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: confererence, groundwater abstraction, hydrological modelling, hydrology, integrated management, land use, modelling, north canterbury, water resources.

Dall, C T. (1987) Studies on faecal coliform bacteria in sediment of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary, Christchurch, New Zealand. Vol. Master of Applied Sc. (University of Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon-Heathcote Estuary, bacteria, bacteriological survey, estuaries, faecal coliform concentrations, sanitary bacteria, sediment, water quality.
[More Information]
Carroll, K. D, Robb, J. A. (1986) A Botanical Survey of Rivers in the Metropolitan Christchurch Area and Outlying Districts: The Avon, Heathcote and Styx Rivers and their tributaries. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquatic macrophytes, Avon catchment, Avon River, Christchurch Drainage Board, Heathcote catchment, Heathcote River, Horseshoe lake, species characteristics, species distribution, Styx catchment, Styx River, taxa, taxanomic, weed beds.

Cowie, B, Glennie, J. M, Lovis, P. M, Mason, C. R, McCallum, L. R. (1986) Waimakariri River and Catchment Issues and Options – An Introduction to Issues and Options for Land and Water Resource Management. (North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: brooklands lagoon, flooding, Future management, groundwater, irrigation water, management, plan, public discussion document, recreation, resource management issues, salmon spawning, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, Waimakariri River and Catchment, water allocation, water supply, wetlands, wetlands.

Carter, M. C, Cowie, B, Dimbleby, B. R, Glennie, J. M, Griffiths, G. A, Lineham, I. W, Lovis, P.M, Mason, C. R, Milne, P.J, Mosley, M. P, Talbot, J. D, Walker, S. W, Weeber, J. W. (1986) Waimakariri River and Catchment Resource Survey – Volumes 1 to 3. #ISBN: 0-908764-00-6. (North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquatic invertebrate, brooklands lagoon, catchment characteristics, catchment location, fish, fish species, flood protection, flooding, groundwater, hydrology, land use, legislation, North Canterbury Catchment Board, physical description, recreation, Resource Survey, soil, surface water, tributaries, vegetation, Waimakariri Catchment, waimakariri catchment, Waimakariri River, water availability, water quality, wetlands, wildlife.

Miskell, D.J.. (1985) Heathcote River Environmental Impact assessment. (Boffa Miskell & Partners Landscape Architects, prepared for Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: EIA, Environmental impact assessment, flood problem, flood protection, flooding, heathcote catchment, Heathcote River, landscape assessment, salinity, sensitive sites, water quality, Woolston Cut.

North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board. (1985) Our Water Resources. (North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: catchment characteristics, Christchurch water, Future management, groundwater, management, North Canterbury, surface water, values, water, water allocation, water availability, water demand, water quality.

Allan, S. J, Bathurst, E. T. J. (1985) Water Supplies of the Christchurch District Chemical Analysis. #ISSN: 0369-6790. (Department of Scientific and Industrial Research – Chemistry Division (DSIR))
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: analysis, bacteriological concentrations, bacteriological data, chemical analysis, chemical data, Christhcurch City, concentrations, Heathcote County, Lyttelton Borough, raw data, Riccarton Borough, sampling, Waimari District, water quality.

Pryor, R J. (1984) The Avon River: a recreation reserve for Christchurch. Vol. Diploma of Landscape. Page(s) 86. (Lincoln University)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Aesthetic, aesthetics, Avon - Heathcote Estuary, Avon Loop, Avon River, historical overview, history, kerrs Reach, land ownership, Public Access, Recreation, visual characteristics.
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Close, M E, Sinton, L W. (1983) Groundwater Tracing Experiments. #ISSN: 0112-1197. (Hydrology Centre Christchurch, Ministry of Works and Development, prepared for the National Water and Soil Conservation Organisation)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: bacteria, border dyke irrigaiton, Burnham, Burnham sewerage treatment, contaminant concentrations, contaminant plume, E Coli, groundwater, groundwater contamination, groundwater movement, groundwater quality, groundwater tracers, land disposal, plumes, sewerage, sewerage disposal, Templeton, tracers, tracing, transportation.

Sinton, L W. (1982) A groundwater quality survey of an unsewered, semi-rural area. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 16. #3-4. Page(s) 317-326.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: bacteria, chloride, coliform bacteria, conductivity, effluent, effluent disposal, faecal coliform, faecal streptococci, groundwater, groundwater characteristics, groundwater quality, groundwater quality indicators, health risk, household wells, leachate, Leaching, monitoring, nitrate, septic tank systems, sewerage, sewerage system, streptococci, surface-groundwater interface, surveying, water quality, well monitoring, Yaldhurst.

Brown Copland and Co. Ltd, Poynter, R H, Reid, R E. (1982) The Waimakariri River Improvement Scheme: 1982 Review. (North Canterbury Catchment Board and Regional Water Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aggradation, assessment, birds, economic evaluation, environmental effects, fish, flood damage, flood protection, historical overview, maintenance, recreation, scheme performance, stopbanks, vegetation, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, WAimakariri River Improvement Scheme.

Adams, Julia S. (1982) The Waimakariri riverbed changes in vegetation 1850 - 1982. Vol. Diploma of Landscape. Page(s) 98. (University of Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: flood mitigation, forestry, hydrology, land tenure, recreation, river control, riverbed, Riverbed vegetation, topography, trends, vegetation, waimakariri, waimakariri River.
[More Information]
Ayrey, M. R. B, Baxer, K., Bensberg, M, Damen, A. M, Gilson, M, Kelly, W. B, Robb, J. A, Turner, B, Walsh, M. H, White, G. F. (1981) A Bacteriological Survey of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary, Christchurch, New Zealand. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon-heathcote estuary, bacteria data, Bacteriological survey, Bromley sewerage plant, chemical data, discharges, estuarine water quality, estuary, faecal coliform, faecal coliform concentrations, monitoring, oxidation pons, recreation, sampling, surface water, Surface water quality, trends, wastewater discharge, wastewater disposal, wastewater treatment plant, water quality.

Climo, C. Y, Gordon, M. A, Hunter, I. C, Ricketts, O. N. (1981) Heathcote River Catchment Investigation: Stage 1 – Planning Options, Storm Flows, Woolston Cut, Lower Reaches. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: benefits, channel improvements, cost estimates, Flood, flood control schemes, flood history, Flood mitigation, flood retention basins, flooding, flow estimates, Heathcote River, Heathcote River Catchment, Heathcote River flooding, Historical overview, residential floor levels, river cuts, river monitoring, Stopbanks, stopbanks, storm flows, Woolston Cut.

Robb, J. A. (1980) A Biological Survey of Rivers in the Metropolitan Christchurch Area and Outlying Districts: The Avon, Heathcote and Styx Rivers and their tributaries. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: aquatic macrophytes, Avon catchment, Avon River, biological data, biological survey, city outfall drain, Heathcote Catchment, Heathcote River, horseshoe lake, invertebrate fauna, invertebrate taxa, macrophytes, raw data, sampling, sediment characteristics, Styx catchment, Styx River, surface water, taxa, water chemistry, water quality.

Hunt, Bruce, Young, John. (1980) A Landfill Groundwater Study in Christchurch, New Zealand. 7th Australasian Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics Conference, 18-22 August, 1980.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: burwood, contaminant concentrations, darcy Equation, darcy's law, drinking water supplies, groundwater, groundwater quality, health risk, Landfill, leachate, leaching, pollution, unconfined aquifer, water table.

Livingstone, L G. (1980) Disposal on Pasture of Christchurch Sewerage Sludge. (Lincoln College prepared for the Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: pastural effects, sewerage, sewerage disposal, sewerage sludge, soil quality, waste.
[More Information]
Mulcock, C M. (1976) Bacteriological Studies of the Avon River, Christchurch, N.Z.. Joint Centre for Environmental Sciences: University of Canterbury and Lincoln College. Vol. Master of Science. (University of Canterbury)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: animal pollution, Avon, Avon River, bacteria, baseline, faecal coliform concentrations, low flows, pollution, rainfall, rainfall intensities, runoff, salmonella, water quality, wet weather events.
[More Information]
Close, M E. (1973) Fish Populations of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary. 2: Breeding and Gonad Maturity. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 7. #1. Page(s) 45-66.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon-Heathcote Estuary, fish, fish populations, flounder, Ihutai, kahawai, mullet, nursery.

Powell Fenwick and Partners, Royds Sutherland and McLeay. (1973) Report on Christchurch Drainage Investigation, with special reference to the Avon and Heathcote Rivers and Estuary. (Royds, Sutherland and McLeay and Powell Fenwick and Partners (Consulting Engineers), prepared for the Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estuary, barrages, channel improvement, Christchurch Drainage Board, Christchurch flooding, costs, drainage, dredging, flood flows, flood frequency, flood mitigation, flooding, flooding, Heathcote River, river diversion, river mouth pumping, stockbanks, stormwater flooding, tidal flooding, waterway enlargement, Woolston Cut.

Webb, B F. (1972) Fish Populations of the Avon-Heathcote Estuary. 1: General Ecology, Distribution and Length-Frequency. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 6. #4. Page(s) 570-601.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Avon-Heathcote Estuary, feeding area, fish, fish populations, fish species, habitat, Ihutai.

Dalmer, Erle. B. (1971) The Waimakariri River as a Water Resource: A report presented to the North Canterbury Catchment Board on 2 October, 1970. (The North Canterbury Catchment Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Abstraction, discharge quantities, discharges, fish, flow data, industrial waste, infiltration, irrigation, low flows, North Canterbury Catchment board, Pollution, Precipitation, rainfall levels, recreation, river characteristics, river classification, river use, surface water, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, water rights, water takes, wildlife.

Cameron, J. (1970) Biological Aspects of Pollution in the Heathcote River, Christchurch, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Vol. 4. #4. Page(s) 431-444.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: bacteria, bacterial analysis, biological indicators, chemical, chemical analysis, Heathcote River, pollution, water quality.

Wallingford. (1970) Hydraulics Research Station: Christchurch, New Zealand: Model Studies of Flood Alleviation - Part 1. (The Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: barriers, Currents, drainage, dredging, flood barriers, flood mitigation, flooding, Heathcote River, modelling, reclamation, river flooding, river flows, salinities, tidal flooding, tides, wave records.

North Canterbury Catchment Board. (1958) Report on Waimakariri River Flood of 27/12/57. (North Canterbury Catchment Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch, damage, flood, flood damage, flood duration, flood event, flood frequency, flood levels, flood log, flood mitigation, flooding, Historical overview, hydrograph, previous floods, rainfall, rainfall, river characteristics, Waimakariri, Waimakariri River, weather.

Bruce, A. (1953) Report on a Biological and Chemical Investigation of the Waters in the Estuary of the Avon and Heathcote Rivers. (Christchurch Drainage Board)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: annotated maps, Avon, Avon River, Avon-Heathcote Estaury, bacteriological survey, biological, biological data, birds, chemical data, Christchurch Drainage Board, contaminant concentrations, contaminants, estuary, gastropoda, gastropods, heathcote, Heathcote River, maps, pollution, raw data, salinity, water quality, water quality indicators.

Hilgendorf, F W. (1926) Artesian wells of the Christchurch area. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Vol. 56. Page(s) 369-382.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: artesian well, artesian wells, christchurch groundwater, groundwater, rainfall levels.
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Chilton, Chas. (1924) The Christchurch Artesians and the City Water Supply. (Lyttelton Times Company, Limited)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: artesians, Christchurch artesian, drinking water, fire prevention, fish, flow characteristics, formation of the groundwater resource, groundwater resource, high pressured water supply, radio-activity, reservoirs, water supply, well records, well sinking.

Hilgendorf, F W. (1916) Fluctuations in the Water-Level of some Artesian Wells in the Christchurch Area. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Vol. 49. Page(s) 491-493.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch groundwater, groundwater, groundwater wells, history, water supply, well logging.
[More Information]
Hilgendorf, F W. (1911) Fluctuations in the level of the water in some artesian wells in the Christchurch area. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Vol. 44. Page(s) 142-159.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: groundwater, water levels, water quantity.
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Farr, C. C, Florance, D C. (1910) The Radio-Activity of the Artesian-Water System of Christchurch; and the Influence of Ripples on the Gas Content of the Artesian Waters of Christchurch.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Artesian-water, Christchurch, Christchurch groundwater, gas content, groundwater supply, historical data, Historical overview, radio-activity, water samples, wells.

Messrs. E Dobson & Son. (1880) A Review of the Gravitation and Artesian Schemes of Water Supply, adopted by the City Council for submission to the ratepayers of Christchurch. Lyttleton Times, April 3.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Artesian aquifers, artesian Water Supply, christchurch water, christchurch water supply, cylinders, economic cost, fire fighting, gravitational supply, historical data, historical overview, pipes, pumping, reticulation, water quality, water supplies, water supply, water supply system.

Dobson, A. D. (1880) Christchurch Water Supply.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Artesian Water Supply, Christchurch Water Supply, council meetings, historical overview, historical resource, hydraulic power, pumping stations, Timaru Water Works.

Blackwell, L. B. (1879) Christchurch Water Supply: A report on the feasibility of supplying Christchurch with water from the River Waimakariri through the media of cylinders as proposed by Mr. W. White. (City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: benefits, Christchurch water supply, cylinders, feasibility, historical data, historical overview, transportation, Waimakariri River, water demand, water supply, water use.

Christchurch City Council. (1879) Reports of the Christchurch Water Supply, submitted on the 8th December 1879. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch City Council meeting, Christchurch water supply, Christchurch water use, distribution, drinking water, historical resource, Pipe requirements, project cost, water distribution network, Water supply network.

Christchurch Area Showing Waterways Swamps & Vegetation cover in 1856, compiled from 'Black Maps' approved by J Thomas & Thomas Cass Chief Surveyors 1856. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Black Maps, Christchurch, marsh, marshland, swamp, vegetation.
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Bell, J, Lind, Lisa, Mroczek, S. Ground water for airport cooling and heating. (GNS Science)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch airport, Energy, energy efficiency, geothermal, groundwater, groundwater temperature, temperature.

Christchurch City Council. Travis Wetland. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: animals, biodiversity, birds, management, Ngai Tahu, plants, predators, recreation, travis Wetland, Urban land use, urbanisation, weeds.
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Christchurch City Council, Travis Wetland Trust. Travis Wetland September 2011. Christchurch City Council.
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: drainage, Earthquake, fauna, flora, liquefaction, mudfish, shovelers, water quality.

Christchurch City Council. Where Does Christchurch's Water Come From?. (Christchurch City Council)
Short Resource Summary: [Show]
Keywords: Christchurch water origin, diagram, hydrological cycle.
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